11:4 These kings came out with their armies; they were as numerous as the sand on the seashore and had a large number of horses and chariots. 1 11:5 All these kings gathered and joined forces 2 at the Waters of Merom to fight Israel.
11:6 The Lord told Joshua, “Don’t be afraid of them, for about this time tomorrow I will cause all of them to lie dead before Israel. You must hamstring their horses and burn 3 their chariots.” 11:7 Joshua and his whole army caught them by surprise at the Waters of Merom and attacked them. 4 11:8 The Lord handed them over to Israel and they struck them down and chased them all the way to Greater Sidon, 5 Misrephoth Maim, 6 and the Mizpah Valley to the east. They struck them down until no survivors remained.
1 tn Heb “They and all their camps with them came out, a people as numerous as the sand which is on the edge of the sea in multitude, and [with] horses and chariots very numerous.”
2 tn Heb “and came and camped together.”
3 tn Heb “burn with fire”; the words “with fire” are redundant in English and have not been included in the translation.
4 tn Heb “Joshua and all the people of war with him came upon them at the Waters of Merom suddenly and fell upon them.”
6 tn The meaning of the Hebrew name “Misrephoth Maim” is perhaps “lime-kilns by the water” (see HALOT 2:641).