4:14 But whoever drinks some of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again, 5 but the water that I will give him will become in him a fountain 6 of water springing up 7 to eternal life.”
1 tn Grk “answered and said to her.”
2 tn Or “if you knew.”
3 tn The phrase “some water” is supplied as the understood direct object of the infinitive πεῖν (pein).
4 tn This is a second class conditional sentence in Greek.
sn The word translated living is used in Greek of flowing water, which leads to the woman’s misunderstanding in the following verse. She thought Jesus was referring to some unknown source of drinkable water.
5 tn Grk “will never be thirsty forever.” The possibility of a later thirst is emphatically denied.
6 tn Or “well.” “Fountain” is used as the translation for πηγή (phgh) here since the idea is that of an artesian well that flows freely, but the term “artesian well” is not common in contemporary English.
7 tn The verb ἁλλομένου (Jallomenou) is used of quick movement (like jumping) on the part of living beings. This is the only instance of its being applied to the action of water. However, in the LXX it is used to describe the “Spirit of God” as it falls on Samson and Saul. See Judg 14:6, 19; 15:14; 1 Kgdms 10:2, 10 LXX (= 1 Sam 10:6, 10 ET); and Isa 35:6 (note context).