18:16 But Simon Peter was left standing outside by the door. So the other disciple who was acquainted with the high priest came out and spoke to the slave girl who watched the door, 1 and brought Peter inside. 18:17 The girl 2 who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You’re not one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” 3 He replied, 4 “I am not.”
18:25 Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard 5 warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” 6 Peter 7 denied it: “I am not!” 18:26 One of the high priest’s slaves, 8 a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, 9 said, “Did I not see you in the orchard 10 with him?” 11 18:27 Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed. 12
1 tn Grk “spoke to the doorkeeper”; her description as a slave girl is taken from the following verse. The noun θυρωρός (qurwro") may be either masculine or feminine, but the article here indicates that it is feminine.
2 tn Grk “slave girl.” Since the descriptive term “slave girl” was introduced in the translation in the previous verse, it would be redundant to repeat the full expression here.
3 tn Questions prefaced with μή (mh) in Greek anticipate a negative answer. This can sometimes be indicated by using a “tag” at the end in English (here the tag is “are you?”).
4 tn Grk “He said.”
6 tn Questions prefaced with μή (mh) in Greek anticipate a negative answer. This can sometimes be indicated by using a “tag” at the end in English (here the tag is “are you?”).
7 tn Grk “That one denied it and said”; the referent of the pronoun (Peter) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
10 tn Or “garden.”
11 tn This question, prefaced with οὐκ (ouk) in Greek, anticipates a positive answer.
12 tn It seems most likely that this refers to a real rooster crowing, although a number of scholars have suggested that “cockcrow” is a technical term referring to the trumpet call which ended the third watch of the night (from midnight to 3 a.m.). This would then be a reference to the Roman gallicinium (ἀλεκτοροφωνία, alektorofwnia; the term is used in Mark 13:35 and is found in some
sn No indication is given of Peter’s emotional state at this third denial (as in Matt 26:74 and Mark 14:71) or that he remembered that Jesus had foretold the denials (Matt 26:75, Mark 14:72 and Luke 22:61), or the bitter remorse Peter felt afterward (Matt 26:75, Mark 14:72, and Luke 22:62).