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Jeremiah 51:29

Context

51:29 The earth will tremble and writhe in agony. 1 

For the Lord will carry out his plan.

He plans to make the land of Babylonia 2 

a wasteland where no one lives. 3 

Jeremiah 51:62-64

Context
51:62 Then say, ‘O Lord, you have announced that you will destroy this place so that no people or animals live in it any longer. Certainly it will lie desolate forever!’ 51:63 When you finish reading this scroll aloud, tie a stone to it and throw it into the middle of the Euphrates River. 4  51:64 Then say, ‘In the same way Babylon will sink and never rise again because of the judgments 5  I am ready to bring upon her; they will grow faint.’”

The prophecies of Jeremiah end here. 6 

1 sn The figure here is common in the poetic tradition of the Lord going forth to do battle against his foes and the earth’s reaction to it is compared to a person trembling with fear and writhing in agony, agony like that of a woman in labor (cf. Judg 5:4; Nah 1:2-5; Hab 3:1-15 [especially v. 6]).

2 tn Heb “For the plans of the Lord have been carried out to make the land of Babylon…” The passive has been turned into an active and the sentence broken up to better conform with contemporary English style. For the meaning of the verb קוּם (qum) in the sense used here see BDB 878 s.v. קוּם 7.g and compare the usage in Prov 19:21 and Isa 46:10.

3 tn The verbs in this verse and v. 30 are all in the past tense in Hebrew, in the tense that views the action as already as good as done (the Hebrew prophetic perfect). The verb in v. 31a, however, is imperfect, viewing the action as future; the perfects that follow are all dependent on that future. Verse 33 looks forward to a time when Babylon will be harvested and trampled like grain on the threshing floor and the imperatives imply a time in the future. Hence the present translation has rendered all the verbs in vv. 29-30 as future.

4 tn The word “River” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied for clarity.

5 tn Or “disaster”; or “calamity.”

6 sn The final chapter of the book of Jeremiah does not mention Jeremiah or record any of his prophecies.



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