28:12 But shortly after the prophet Hananiah had broken the yoke off the prophet Jeremiah’s neck, the Lord spoke to Jeremiah. 28:13 “Go and tell Hananiah that the Lord says, 1 ‘You have indeed broken the wooden yoke. But you have 2 only succeeded in replacing it with an iron one! 3 28:14 For the Lord God of Israel who rules over all 4 says, “I have put an irresistible yoke of servitude on all these nations 5 so they will serve King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. And they will indeed serve him. I have even given him control over the wild animals.”’” 6 28:15 Then the prophet Jeremiah told the prophet Hananiah, “Listen, Hananiah! The Lord did not send you! You are making these people trust in a lie! 7 28:16 So the Lord says, ‘I will most assuredly remove 8 you from the face of the earth. You will die this very year because you have counseled rebellion against the Lord.’” 9
1 tn Heb “Hananiah, ‘Thus says the
2 tn The Greek version reads “I have made/put” rather than “you have made/put.” This is the easier reading and is therefore rejected.
3 tn Heb “the yoke bars of wood you have broken, but you have made in its stead yoke bars of iron.”
sn This whole incident (and the preceding one in Jer 28) is symbolic. Jeremiah’s wearing of the yoke was symbolic of the
5 tn Heb “An iron yoke I have put on the necks of all these nations.”
7 tn Or “You are giving these people false assurances.”
8 sn There is a play on words here in Hebrew between “did not send you” and “will…remove you.” The two verbs are from the same root word in Hebrew. The first is the simple active and the second is the intensive.
9 sn In giving people false assurances of restoration when the
10 sn Comparison with Jer 28:1 shows that this whole incident took place in the space of two months. Hananiah had prophesied that the captivity would be over before two years had past. However, before two months were past, Hananiah himself died in fulfillment of Jeremiah’s prophecy of his death. His death was a validation of Jeremiah as a true prophet. The subsequent events of 588