13:17 But if you will not pay attention to this warning, 1
I will weep alone because of your arrogant pride.
I will weep bitterly and my eyes will overflow with tears 2
because you, the Lord’s flock, 3 will be carried 4 into exile.”
“Tell the king and the queen mother,
‘Surrender your thrones, 6
for your glorious crowns
will be removed 7 from your heads. 8
13:19 The gates of the towns in southern Judah will be shut tight. 9
No one will be able to go in or out of them. 10
All Judah will be carried off into exile.
They will be completely carried off into exile.’” 11
1 tn Heb “If you will not listen to it.” For the use of the feminine singular pronoun to refer to the idea(s) expressed in the preceding verse(s), see GKC 440-41 §135.p.
2 tn Heb “Tearing [my eye] will tear and my eye will run down [= flow] with tears.”
sn The depth of Jeremiah’s sorrow for the sad plight of his people, if they refuse to repent, is emphasized by the triple repetition of the word “tears” twice in an emphatic verbal expression (Hebrew infinitive before finite verb) and once in the noun.
3 tn Heb “because the
4 tn The verb is once again in the form of “as good as done” (the Hebrew prophetic perfect).
5 tn The words “The
6 tn Or “You will come down from your thrones”; Heb “Make low! Sit!” This is a case of a construction where two forms in the same case, mood, or tense are joined in such a way that one (usually the first) is intended as an adverbial or adjectival modifier of the other (a figure called hendiadys). This is also probably a case where the imperative is used to express a distinct assurance or promise. See GKC 324 §110.b and compare the usage in Isa 37:30 and Ps 110:2.
sn The king and queen mother are generally identified as Jehoiachin and his mother who were taken into captivity with many of the leading people of Jerusalem in 597
7 tn Heb “have come down.” The verb here and those in the following verses are further examples of the “as good as done” form of the Hebrew verb (the prophetic perfect).
8 tc The translation follows the common emendation of a word normally meaning “place at the head” (מַרְאֲשׁוֹת [mar’ashot] plus pronoun = מַרְאֲוֹשׁתֵיכֶם [mar’aoshtekhem]) to “from your heads” (מֵרָאשֵׁיכֶם, mera’shekhem) following the ancient versions. The meaning “tiara” is nowhere else attested for this word.
9 tn Heb “The towns of the Negev will be shut.”
10 tn Heb “There is no one to open them.” The translation is based on the parallel in Josh 6:1 where the very expression in the translation is used. Opening the city would have permitted entrance (of relief forces) as well as exit (of fugitives).
11 sn The statements are poetic exaggerations (hyperbole), as most commentaries note. Even in the exile of 587