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Isaiah 47:9-11

Context

47:9 Both of these will come upon you

suddenly, in one day!

You will lose your children and be widowed. 1 

You will be overwhelmed by these tragedies, 2 

despite 3  your many incantations

and your numerous amulets. 4 

47:10 You were complacent in your evil deeds; 5 

you thought, 6  ‘No one sees me.’

Your self-professed 7  wisdom and knowledge lead you astray,

when you say, ‘I am unique! No one can compare to me!’ 8 

47:11 Disaster will overtake you;

you will not know how to charm it away. 9 

Destruction will fall on you;

you will not be able to appease it.

Calamity will strike you suddenly,

before you recognize it. 10 

1 tn Heb “loss of children and widowhood.” In the Hebrew text the phrase is in apposition to “both of these” in line 1.

2 tn Heb “according to their fullness, they will come upon you.”

3 tn For other examples of the preposition bet (בְּ) having the sense of “although, despite,” see BDB 90 s.v. III.7.

4 sn Reference is made to incantations and amulets, both of which were important in Mesopotamian religion. They were used to ward off danger and demons.

5 tn Heb “you trusted in your evil”; KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV “wickedness.”

6 tn Or “said”; NAB “said to yourself”’ NASB “said in your heart.”

7 tn The words “self-professed” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

8 tn See the note at v. 8.

9 tc The Hebrew text has שַׁחְרָהּ (shakhrah), which is either a suffixed noun (“its dawning,” i.e., origin) or infinitive (“to look early for it”). Some have suggested an emendation to שַׁחֲדָהּ (shakhadah), a suffixed infinitive from שָׁחַד (shakhad, “[how] to buy it off”; see BDB 1005 s.v. שָׁחַד). This forms a nice parallel with the following couplet. The above translation is based on a different etymology of the verb in question. HALOT 1466 s.v. III שׁחר references a verbal root with these letters (שׁחד) that refers to magical activity.

10 tn Heb “you will not know”; NIV “you cannot foresee.”



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