and her soil into brimstone;
her land will become burning pitch.
its smoke will ascend continually.
Generation after generation it will be a wasteland
and no one will ever pass through it again.
all kinds of wild birds 5 will settle in it.
The Lord 6 will stretch out over her
the measuring line of ruin
34:12 Her nobles will have nothing left to call a kingdom
and all her officials will disappear. 9
1 tn Heb “her”; the referent (Edom) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
2 tn Heb “it will not be extinguished.”
3 tn קָאַת (qa’at) refers to some type of bird (cf. Lev 11:18; Deut 14:17) that was typically found near ruins (see Zeph 2:14). קִפּוֹד (qippod) may also refer to a type of bird (NAB “hoot owl”; NIV “screech owl”; TEV “ravens”), but some have suggested a rodent may be in view (cf. NCV “small animals”; ASV “porcupine”; NASB, NRSV “hedgehog”).
4 tn Heb “will possess it” (so NIV).
6 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn Heb “stones,” i.e., the stones used in a plumb bob.
9 tn Heb “will be nothing”; NCV, TEV, NLT “will all be gone.”