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Isaiah 34:13-14


34:13 Her fortresses will be overgrown with thorns;

thickets and weeds will grow 1  in her fortified cities.

Jackals will settle there;

ostriches will live there. 2 

34:14 Wild animals and wild dogs will congregate there; 3 

wild goats will bleat to one another. 4 

Yes, nocturnal animals 5  will rest there

and make for themselves a nest. 6 

1 tn The words “will grow” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

2 tc Heb “and she will be a settlement for wild dogs, a dwelling place for ostriches.” The translation assumes an emendation of חָצִיר (khatsir, “grass”) to חָצֵר (khatser, “settlement”). One of the Qumran scrolls of Isaiah (1QIsaa) supports this emendation (cf. HALOT 344 s.v. II חָצִיר)

3 tn Heb “will meet” (so NIV); NLT “will mingle there.”

4 tn Heb “and a goat will call to its neighbor.”

5 tn The precise meaning of לִּילִית (lilit) is unclear, though in this context the word certainly refers to some type of wild animal or bird. The word appears to be related to לַיְלָה (laylah, “night”). Some interpret it as the name of a female night demon, on the basis of an apparent Akkadian cognate used as the name of a demon. Later Jewish legends also identified Lilith as a demon. Cf. NRSV “Lilith.”

6 tn Heb “and will find for themselves a resting place.”

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