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Isaiah 2:10

Context

2:10 Go up into the rocky cliffs,

hide in the ground.

Get away from the dreadful judgment of the Lord, 1 

from his royal splendor!

Isaiah 2:19

Context

2:19 They 2  will go into caves in the rocky cliffs

and into holes in the ground, 3 

trying to escape the dreadful judgment of the Lord 4 

and his royal splendor,

when he rises up to terrify the earth. 5 

Isaiah 2:21

Context

2:21 so they themselves can go into the crevices of the rocky cliffs

and the openings under the rocky overhangs, 6 

trying to escape the dreadful judgment of the Lord 7 

and his royal splendor,

when he rises up to terrify the earth. 8 

Isaiah 4:2

Context
The Branch of the Lord

4:2 At that time 9 

the crops given by the Lord will bring admiration and honor; 10 

the produce of the land will be a source of pride and delight

to those who remain in Israel. 11 

Isaiah 24:14

Context

24:14 They 12  lift their voices and shout joyfully;

they praise 13  the majesty of the Lord in the west.

Isaiah 60:15

Context

60:15 You were once abandoned

and despised, with no one passing through,

but I will make you 14  a permanent source of pride

and joy to coming generations.

1 tn Heb “from the dread of the Lord,” that is, from the dread that he produces in the objects of his judgment.” The words “get away” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

2 tn The identity of the grammatical subject is unclear. The “idols” could be the subject; they will “go” into the caves and holes when the idolaters throw them there in their haste to escape God’s judgment (see vv. 20-21). The picture of the idols, which represent the foreign deities worshiped by the people, fleeing from the Lord would be highly polemical and fit the overall mood of the chapter. However it seems more likely that the idolaters themselves are the subject, for v. 10 uses similar language in sarcastically urging them to run from judgment.

3 tn Heb “dust”; ASV “into the holes of the earth.”

4 tn Heb “from the dread of the Lord,” that is, from the dread that he produces in the objects of his judgment.” The words “trying to escape” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

5 tn Or “land.” It is not certain if these verses are describing the judgment of Judah (see vv. 6-9) or a more universal judgment on all proud men.

6 sn The precise point of vv. 20-21 is not entirely clear. Are they taking the idols into their hiding places with them, because they are so attached to their man-made images? Or are they discarding the idols along the way as they retreat into the darkest places they can find? In either case it is obvious that the gods are incapable of helping them.

7 tn Heb “from the dread of the Lord,” that is, from the dread that he produces in the objects of his judgment.” The words “trying to escape” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

8 tn Or “land.” It is not certain if these verses are describing the judgment of Judah (see vv. 6-9) or a more universal judgment on all proud men. Almost all English versions translate “earth,” taking this to refer to universal judgment.

9 tn Or “in that day” (KJV).

10 tn Heb “and the vegetation of the Lord will become beauty and honor.” Many English versions understand the phrase צֶמַח יְהוָה (tsemakh yÿhvah) as a messianic reference and render it, “the Branch of the Lord” (so KJV, NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV, NLT, and others). Though צֶמַח (tsemakh) is used by later prophets of a royal descendant (Jer 23;5; 33:15; Zech 3:8; 6:12), those passages contain clear contextual indicators that a human ruler is in view and that the word is being used in a metaphorical way of offspring. However, in Isa 4:2 there are no such contextual indicators. To the contrary, in the parallel structure of the verse צֶמַח יְהוָה corresponds to “produce of the land,” a phrase that refers elsewhere exclusively to literal agricultural produce (see Num 13:20, 26; Deut 1:25). In the majority of its uses צֶמַח refers to literal crops or vegetation (in Ps 65:10 the Lord is the source of this vegetation). A reference to the Lord restoring crops would make excellent sense in Isa 4 and the prophets frequently included this theme in their visions of the future age (see Isa 30:23-24; 32:20; Jer 31:12; Ezek 34:26-29; and Amos 9:13-14).

11 tn Heb “and the fruit of the land will become pride and beauty for the remnant of Israel.”

12 sn The remnant of the nations (see v. 13) may be the unspecified subject. If so, then those who have survived the judgment begin to praise God.

13 tn Heb “they yell out concerning.”

14 tn Heb “Instead of your being abandoned and despised, with no one passing through, I will make you.”



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