1:2 in these last days he has spoken to us in a son, 1 whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he created the world. 2 1:3 The Son is 3 the radiance of his glory and the representation of his essence, and he sustains all things by his powerful word, 4 and so when he had accomplished cleansing for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. 5
“You founded the earth in the beginning, Lord, 6
and the heavens are the works of your hands.
1:11 They will perish, but you continue.
And they will all grow old like a garment,
1:12 and like a robe you will fold them up
and like a garment 7 they will be changed,
but you are the same and your years will never run out.” 8
1 tn The Greek puts an emphasis on the quality of God’s final revelation. As such, it is more than an indefinite notion (“a son”) though less than a definite one (“the son”), for this final revelation is not just through any son of God, nor is the emphasis specifically on the person himself. Rather, the focus here is on the nature of the vehicle of God’s revelation: He is no mere spokesman (or prophet) for God, nor is he merely a heavenly messenger (or angel); instead, this final revelation comes through one who is intimately acquainted with the heavenly Father in a way that only a family member could be. There is, however, no exact equivalent in English (“in son” is hardly good English style).
sn The phrase in a son is the fulcrum of Heb 1:1-4. It concludes the contrast of God’s old and new revelation and introduces a series of seven descriptions of the Son. These descriptions show why he is the ultimate revelation of God.
3 tn Grk “who being…and sustaining.” Heb 1:1-4 form one skillfully composed sentence in Greek, but it must be broken into shorter segments to correspond to contemporary English usage, which does not allow for sentences of this length and complexity.
4 tn Grk “by the word of his power.”
6 sn You founded the earth…your years will never run out. In its original setting Ps 102:25-27 refers to the work of God in creation, but here in Hebrews 1:10-12 the writer employs it in reference to Christ, the Lord, making a strong argument for the essential deity of the Son.
7 tc The words “like a garment” (ὡς ἱμάτιον, Jw" Jimation) are found in excellent and early
sn The phrase like a garment here is not part of the original OT text (see tc note above); for this reason it has been printed in normal type.