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Genesis 26:23

Context

26:23 From there Isaac 1  went up to Beer Sheba.

Genesis 26:25

Context
26:25 Then Isaac built an altar there and worshiped 2  the Lord. He pitched his tent there, and his servants dug a well. 3 

Genesis 26:33

Context
26:33 So he named it Shibah; 4  that is why the name of the city has been Beer Sheba 5  to this day.

1 tn Heb “and he went up from there”; the referent (Isaac) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

2 tn Heb “called in the name of.” The expression refers to worshiping the Lord through prayer and sacrifice (see Gen 4:26; 12:8; 13:4; 21:33). See G. J. Wenham, Genesis (WBC), 1:116.

3 tn Heb “and they dug there, the servants of Isaac, a well.”

4 sn The name Shibah (שִׁבְעָה, shivah) means (or at least sounds like) the word meaning “oath.” The name was a reminder of the oath sworn by Isaac and the Philistines to solidify their treaty.

5 sn The name Beer Sheba (בְּאֵר שָׁבַע, bÿer shava’) means “well of an oath” or “well of seven.” According to Gen 21:31 Abraham gave Beer Sheba its name when he made a treaty with the Philistines. Because of the parallels between this earlier story and the account in 26:26-33, some scholars see chaps. 21 and 26 as two versions (or doublets) of one original story. However, if one takes the text as it stands, it appears that Isaac made a later treaty agreement with the people of the land that was similar to his father’s. Abraham dug a well at the site and named the place Beer Sheba; Isaac dug another well there and named the well Shibah. Later generations then associated the name Beer Sheba with Isaac, even though Abraham gave the place its name at an earlier time.



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