17:4 “As for me, 1 this 2 is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. 17:5 No longer will your name be 3 Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham 4 because I will make you 5 the father of a multitude of nations. 17:6 I will make you 6 extremely 7 fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. 8
17:16 I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. 9 Kings of countries 10 will come from her!”
1 tn Heb “I.”
2 tn Heb “is” (הִנֵּה, hinneh).
3 tn Heb “will your name be called.”
4 sn Your name will be Abraham. The renaming of Abram was a sign of confirmation to the patriarch. Every time the name was used it would be a reminder of God’s promise. “Abram” means “exalted father,” probably referring to Abram’s father Terah. The name looks to the past; Abram came from noble lineage. The name “Abraham” is a dialectical variant of the name Abram. But its significance is in the wordplay with אַב־הֲמוֹן (’av-hamon, “the father of a multitude,” which sounds like אַבְרָהָם, ’avraham, “Abraham”). The new name would be a reminder of God’s intention to make Abraham the father of a multitude. For a general discussion of renaming, see O. Eissfeldt, “Renaming in the Old Testament,” Words and Meanings, 70-83.
5 tn The perfect verbal form is used here in a rhetorical manner to emphasize God’s intention.
6 tn This verb starts a series of perfect verbal forms with vav (ו) consecutive to express God’s intentions.
7 tn Heb “exceedingly, exceedingly.” The repetition is emphatic.
8 tn Heb “and I will make you into nations, and kings will come out from you.”
9 tn Heb “she will become nations.”
10 tn Heb “peoples.”