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Galatians 5:15

5:15 However, if you continually bite and devour one another, 1  beware that you are not consumed 2  by one another.

Galatians 5:19-21

5:19 Now the works of the flesh 3  are obvious: 4  sexual immorality, impurity, depravity, 5:20 idolatry, sorcery, 5  hostilities, 6  strife, 7  jealousy, outbursts of anger, selfish rivalries, dissensions, 8  factions, 5:21 envying, 9  murder, 10  drunkenness, carousing, 11  and similar things. I am warning you, as I had warned you before: Those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God!

1 tn That is, “if you are harming and exploiting one another.” Paul’s metaphors are retained in most modern translations, but it is possible to see the meanings of δάκνω and κατεσθίω (daknw and katesqiw, L&N 20.26 and 88.145) as figurative extensions of the literal meanings of these terms and to translate them accordingly. The present tenses here are translated as customary presents (“continually…”).

2 tn Or “destroyed.”

3 tn See the note on the word “flesh” in Gal 5:13.

4 tn Or “clear,” “evident.”

5 tn Or “witchcraft.”

6 tn Or “enmities,” “[acts of] hatred.”

7 tn Or “discord” (L&N 39.22).

8 tn Or “discord(s)” (L&N 39.13).

9 tn This term is plural in Greek (as is “murder” and “carousing”), but for clarity these abstract nouns have been translated as singular.

10 tcφόνοι (fonoi, “murders”) is absent in such important mss as Ì46 א B 33 81 323 945 pc sa, while the majority of mss (A C D F G Ψ 0122 0278 1739 1881 Ï lat) have the word. Although the pedigree of the mss which lack the term is of the highest degree, homoioteleuton may well explain the shorter reading. The preceding word has merely one letter difference, making it quite possible to overlook this term (φθόνοι φόνοι, fqonoi fonoi).

11 tn Or “revelings,” “orgies” (L&N 88.287).

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