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Exodus 22:12-13

Context
22:12 But if it was stolen 1  from him, 2  he will pay its owner. 22:13 If it is torn in pieces, then he will bring it for evidence, 3  and he will not have to pay for what was torn.

1 tn Both with this verb “stolen” and in the next clauses with “torn in pieces,” the text uses the infinitive absolute construction with less than normal emphasis; as Gesenius says, in conditional clauses, an infinitive absolute stresses the importance of the condition on which some consequence depends (GKC 342-43 §113.o).

2 sn The point is that the man should have taken better care of the animal.

3 tn The word עֵד (’ed) actually means “witness,” but the dead animal that is returned is a silent witness, i.e., evidence. The word is an adverbial accusative.



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