16:34 Just as the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony 1 for safekeeping. 2
25:21 You are to put the atonement lid on top of the ark, and in the ark you are to put the testimony I am giving you.
40:24 And he put the lampstand in the tent of meeting opposite the table, on the south side of the tabernacle.
1 sn The “Testimony” is a reference to the Ark of the Covenant; so the pot of manna would be placed before Yahweh in the tabernacle. W. C. Kaiser says that this later instruction came from a time after the tabernacle had been built (see Exod 25:10-22; W. C. Kaiser, Jr., “Exodus,” EBC 2:405). This is not a problem since the final part of this chapter had to have been included at the end of the forty years in the desert.
2 tn “for keeping.”
3 sn The expression “the finger of God” has come up before in the book, in the plagues (Exod 8:15) to express that it was a demonstration of the power and authority of God. So here too the commandments given to Moses on stone tablets came from God. It too is a bold anthropomorphism; to attribute such a material action to Yahweh would have been thought provoking to say the least. But by using “God” and by stating it in an obviously figurative way, balance is maintained. Since no one writes with one finger, the expression simply says that the Law came directly from God.
4 tn The disjunctive vav (ו) serves here as a circumstantial clause indicator.