11:15 Then the king of the north will advance and will build siege mounds and capture a well-fortified city. 1 The forces of the south will not prevail, not even his finest contingents. 2 They will have no strength to prevail.
11:32 Then with smooth words he will defile 3 those who have rejected 4 the covenant. But the people who are loyal to 5 their God will act valiantly. 6
1 sn This well-fortified city is apparently Sidon. Its capture from the Ptolemies by Antiochus the Great was a strategic victory for the Seleucid kingdom.
2 tn Or “choice troops” (BDB 104 s.v. מִבְחָר), or “elite troops” (HALOT 542 s.v. מִבְחָר).
3 tn Or “corrupt.”
4 tn Heb “acted wickedly toward.”
5 tn Heb “know.” The term “know” sometimes means “to recognize.” In relational contexts it can have the connotation “recognize the authority of, be loyal to,” as it does here.
6 sn This is an allusion to the Maccabean revolt, which struggled to bring about Jewish independence in the second century