2:22 “Men of Israel, 1 listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man clearly attested to you by God with powerful deeds, 2 wonders, and miraculous signs 3 that God performed among you through him, just as you yourselves know – 2:23 this man, who was handed over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you executed 4 by nailing him to a cross at the hands of Gentiles. 5 2:24 But God raised him up, 6 having released 7 him from the pains 8 of death, because it was not possible for him to be held in its power. 9
and the rulers assembled together,
4:27 “For indeed both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, assembled together in this city against 13 your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed, 14 4:28 to do as much as your power 15 and your plan 16 had decided beforehand 17 would happen.
1 tn Or “Israelite men,” although this is less natural English. The Greek term here is ἀνήρ (anhr), which only exceptionally is used in a generic sense of both males and females. In this context, it is conceivable that this is a generic usage, although it can also be argued that Peter’s remarks were addressed primarily to the men present, even if women were there.
2 tn Or “miraculous deeds.”
3 tn Again, the context indicates the miraculous nature of these signs, and this is specified in the translation.
4 tn Or “you killed.”
5 tn Grk “at the hands of lawless men.” At this point the term ἄνομος (anomo") refers to non-Jews who live outside the Jewish (Mosaic) law, rather than people who broke any or all laws including secular laws. Specifically it is a reference to the Roman soldiers who carried out Jesus’ crucifixion.
6 tn Grk “Whom God raised up.”
7 tn Or “having freed.”
9 tn Or “for him to be held by it” (in either case, “it” refers to death’s power).
10 tn Traditionally, “The kings of the earth took their stand.”
11 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
sn See the note on Christ in 2:31.
15 tn Grk “hand,” here a metaphor for God’s strength or power or authority.
16 tn Or “purpose,” “will.”
17 tn Or “had predestined.” Since the term “predestine” is something of a technical theological term, not in wide usage in contemporary English, the translation “decide beforehand” was used instead (see L&N 30.84). God’s direction remains as the major theme.