1 tn “Sheol,” personified here as David’s enemy, is the underworld, place of the dead in primitive Hebrew cosmology.
2 tn Heb “surrounded me.”
3 tn Heb “confronted me.”
4 tn In this poetic narrative the two prefixed verbal forms in v. 7a are best understood as preterites indicating past tense, not imperfects. Note the use of the vav consecutive with the prefixed verbal form that follows in v. 7b.
6 tn Heb “and my cry for help [entered] his ears.”