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2 Kings 17:29-35

Context

17:29 But each of these nations made 1  its own gods and put them in the shrines on the high places that the people of Samaria 2  had made. Each nation did this in the cities where they lived. 17:30 The people from Babylon made Succoth Benoth, 3  the people from Cuth made Nergal, 4  the people from Hamath made Ashima, 5  17:31 the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, 6  and the Sepharvites burned their sons in the fire as an offering to Adrammelech and Anammelech, 7  the gods of Sepharvaim. 17:32 At the same time they worshiped 8  the Lord. They appointed some of their own people to serve as priests in the shrines on the high places. 9  17:33 They were worshiping 10  the Lord and at the same time serving their own gods in accordance with the practices of the nations from which they had been deported.

17:34 To this very day they observe their earlier practices. They do not worship 11  the Lord; they do not obey the rules, regulations, law, and commandments that the Lord gave 12  the descendants of Jacob, whom he renamed Israel. 17:35 The Lord made an agreement 13  with them 14  and instructed them, “You must not worship other gods. Do not bow down to them, serve them, or offer sacrifices to them.

1 sn The verb “make” refers to the production of idols. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 210-11.

2 tn Heb “Samaritans.” This refers to the Israelites who had been deported from the land.

3 sn No deity is known by the name Succoth Benoth in extant Mesopotamian literature. For speculation as to the identity of this deity, see M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 211.

4 sn Nergal was a Mesopotamian god of the underworld.

5 sn This deity is unknown in extra-biblical literature. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 211-12.

6 sn Nibhaz and Tartak were two Elamite deities. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 212.

7 sn Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of the Sepharvaim are unknown in extra-biblical literature. See M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB), 212.

8 tn Heb “feared.”

9 tn Heb “and they appointed for themselves from their whole people priests for the high places and they were serving for them in the house[s] of the high places.”

10 tn Heb “fearing.”

11 tn Heb “fear.”

12 tn Heb “commanded.”

13 tn Or “covenant.”

14 sn That is, the descendants of Jacob/Israel (see v. 35b).



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