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2 Kings 17:16-20

17:16 They abandoned all the commandments of the Lord their God; they made two metal calves and an Asherah pole, bowed down to all the stars in the sky, 1  and worshiped 2  Baal. 17:17 They passed their sons and daughters through the fire, 3  and practiced divination and omen reading. They committed themselves to doing evil in the sight of the Lord and made him angry. 4 

17:18 So the Lord was furious 5  with Israel and rejected them; 6  only the tribe of Judah was left. 17:19 Judah also failed to keep the commandments of the Lord their God; they followed Israel’s example. 7  17:20 So the Lord rejected all of Israel’s descendants; he humiliated 8  them and handed them over to robbers, until he had thrown them from his presence.

1 tn The phrase כָל צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם (khol tsÿvahashamayim), traditionally translated “all the host of heaven,” refers to the heavenly lights, including stars and planets. In 1 Kgs 22:19 these heavenly bodies are pictured as members of the Lord’s royal court or assembly, but many other texts view them as the illegitimate objects of pagan and Israelite worship.

2 tn Or “served.”

3 sn See the note at 2 Kgs 16:3.

4 tn Heb “they sold themselves to doing what was evil in the eyes of the Lord, angering him.”

5 tn Heb “very angry.”

6 tn Heb “turned them away from his face.”

7 tn Heb “they walked in the practices of Israel which they did.”

8 tn Or “afflicted.”

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