1:5 in that 1 our gospel did not come to you merely in words, 2 but in power and in the Holy Spirit and with deep conviction (surely you recall the character we displayed when we came among you to help you). 3
1:6 And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, when you received 4 the message with joy that comes from the Holy Spirit, despite great affliction. 1:7 As a result you became an example 5 to all the believers in Macedonia and in Achaia. 1:8 For from you the message of the Lord 6 has echoed forth not just in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place reports of your faith in God have spread, 7 so that we do not need to say anything. 1:9 For people everywhere 8 report how you welcomed us 9 and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God 1:10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus our deliverer from the coming wrath. 10
1 tn Or “because.”
2 tn Or “speech,” or “an act of speaking.”
3 tn Grk “just as you know what sort of people we were among you for your sakes.” Verse 5 reflects on the experience of Paul and his fellow preachers; v. 6 begins to describe the Thessalonians’ response.
4 tn Or “after you received.”
5 tc Most
6 tn Or “the word of the Lord.”
sn “The word of the Lord” is a technical expression in OT literature, often referring to a divine prophetic utterance (e.g., Gen 15:1, Isa 1:10, Jonah 1:1). In the NT it occurs 15 times: 3 times as ῥῆμα τοῦ κυρίου (rJhma tou kuriou; Luke 22:61, Acts 11:16, 1 Pet 1:25) and 12 times as λόγος τοῦ κυρίου (logo" tou kuriou; here and in Acts 8:25; 13:44, 48, 49; 15:35, 36; 16:32; 19:10, 20; 1 Thess 4:15; 2 Thess 3:1). As in the OT, this phrase focuses on the prophetic nature and divine origin of what has been said. Here the phrase has been translated “the message of the Lord” because of the focus upon the spread of the gospel evident in the passage.
7 tn Grk “your faith in God has gone out.”
8 tn Grk “they themselves,” referring to people in the places just mentioned.
9 tn Grk “what sort of entrance we had to you” (an idiom for how someone is received).