17:12 1 Now David was the son of this Ephrathite named Jesse from Bethlehem 2 in Judah. He had eight sons, and in Saul’s days he was old and well advanced in years. 3 17:13 Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to war. The names of the 4 three sons who went to war were Eliab, his firstborn, Abinadab, the second oldest, and Shammah, the third oldest. 17:14 Now David was the youngest. While the three oldest sons followed Saul, 17:15 David was going back and forth 5 from Saul in order to care for his father’s sheep in Bethlehem.
1 Samuel 17:28Context
17:28 When David’s 6 oldest brother Eliab heard him speaking to the men, he became angry 7 with David and said, “Why have you come down here? To whom did you entrust those few sheep in the desert? I am familiar with your pride and deceit! 8 You have come down here to watch the battle!”
3 tc The translation follows the Lucianic recension of the LXX and the Syriac Peshitta in reading “in years,” rather than MT “among men.”
4 tn Heb “his.”
5 tn Heb “was going and returning.”
6 tn Heb “his”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
7 tn Heb “the anger of Eliab became hot.”
8 tn Heb “the wickedness of your heart.”