11:4 David and the whole Israelite army 1 advanced to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus). 2 (The Jebusites, the land’s original inhabitants, lived there.) 3 11:5 The residents of Jebus said to David, “You cannot invade this place!” But David captured the fortress of Zion (that is, the City of David). 11:6 4 David said, “Whoever attacks 5 the Jebusites first will become commanding general!” 6 So Joab son of Zeruiah attacked 7 first and became commander. 8 11:7 David lived in the fortress; for this reason it is called the City of David. 11:8 He built up the city around it, from the terrace to the surrounding walls; 9 Joab restored the rest of the city.
1 tn Heb “all Israel.”
2 sn Jebus was an older name for the city of Jerusalem (cf. Josh 15:8; Judg 1:21).
map For location see Map5-B1; Map6-F3; Map7-E2; Map8-F2; Map10-B3; JP1-F4; JP2-F4; JP3-F4; JP4-F4.
3 tn Heb “and there [were] the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land.”
4 sn Verse 6 inserts into the narrative parenthetical information about Joab’s role in the conquest of the city. Verse 7 then picks up where v. 5 left off.
5 tn Or perhaps “strikes down.”
6 tn Heb “head and officer.”
7 tn Heb “went up.”
8 tn Heb “head.”
9 tn Heb “to that which surrounds.” On the referent here as “the surrounding walls,” see HALOT 740 s.v. סָבִיב.