Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Nehemiah 8:8

Context
NET ©

They read from the book of God’s law, explaining it 1  and imparting insight. Thus the people 2  gained understanding from what was read.

NIV ©

They read from the Book of the Law of God, making it clear and giving the meaning so that the people could understand what was being read.

NASB ©

They read from the book, from the law of God, translating to give the sense so that they understood the reading.

NLT ©

They read from the Book of the Law of God and clearly explained the meaning of what was being read, helping the people understand each passage.

MSG ©

They translated the Book of The Revelation of God so the people could understand it and then explained the reading.

BBE ©

And they gave out the words of the book the law of God, clearly, and gave the sense of it, so that their minds were able to take it in.

NRSV ©

So they read from the book, from the law of God, with interpretation. They gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading.

NKJV ©

So they read distinctly from the book, in the Law of God; and they gave the sense, and helped them to understand the reading.


KJV
So they read
<07121> (8799)
in the book
<05612>
in the law
<08451>
of God
<0430>
distinctly
<06567> (8794)_,
and gave
<07760> (8800)
the sense
<07922>_,
and caused [them] to understand
<0995> (8799)
the reading
<04744>_.
NASB ©
They read
<07121>
from the book
<05612>
, from the law
<08451>
of God
<0430>
, translating
<06567>
to give
<07760>
the sense
<07922>
so that they understood
<0995>
the reading
<04744>
.
HEBREW
o
arqmb
<04744>
wnybyw
<0995>
lkv
<07922>
Mwvw
<07760>
srpm
<06567>
Myhlah
<0430>
trwtb
<08451>
rpob
<05612>
warqyw (8:8)
<07121>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
anegnwsan
<314
V-AAI-3P
en
<1722
PREP
bibliw
<975
N-DSN
nomou
<3551
N-GSM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
yeou
<2316
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
edidasken
<1321
V-IAI-3S
esdrav {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
diestellen {V-IAI-3S} en
<1722
PREP
episthmh {N-DSF} kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
sunhken
<4920
V-AAI-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
laov
<2992
N-NSM
en
<1722
PREP
th
<3588
T-DSF
anagnwsei
<320
N-DSF
NET © [draft] ITL
They read
<07121>
from the book
<05612>
of God’s
<0430>
law
<08451>
, explaining
<06567>
it and imparting
<07760>
insight
<07922>
. Thus the people gained understanding
<0995>
from what was read
<04744>
.
NET ©

They read from the book of God’s law, explaining it 1  and imparting insight. Thus the people 2  gained understanding from what was read.

NET © Notes

tn The exact meaning of the pual participle מְפֹרָשׁ (mÿforash) in this verse is uncertain. The basic sense of the Hebrew word seems to be “to make distinct.” The word may also have the sense of “to divide in parts,” “to interpret,” or “to translate.” The context of Neh 8:8 does not decisively clarify how the participle is to be understood here. It probably refers to the role of the Levites as those who explained or interpreted the portions of biblical text that had been publicly read on this occasion. A different option, however, is suggested by the translation distincte (“distinctly”) of the Vulgate (cf. KJV, ASV). If the Hebrew word means “distinctly” here, it would imply that the readers paid particular attention to such things as word-grouping and pronunciation so as to be sure that the listeners had every opportunity to understand the message that was being read. Yet another view is found in the Talmud, which understands translation of the Hebrew text into Aramaic to be what is in view here. The following explanation of Neh 8:8 is found in b. Megillah 3a: “‘And they read in the book, in the law of God’: this indicates the [Hebrew] text; ‘with an interpretation’: this indicates the targum; ‘and they gave the sense’: this indicates the verse stops; ‘and caused them to understand the reading’: this indicates the accentuation, or, according to another version, the Masoretic notes.” However, this ancient rabbinic view that the origins of the Targum are found in Neh 8:8 is debatable. It is not clear that the practice of paraphrasing the Hebrew biblical text into Aramaic in order to accommodate the needs of those Jews who were not at home in the Hebrew language developed this early. The translation of מְפֹרָשׁ adopted above (i.e., “explaining it”) understands the word to have in mind an explanatory function (cf. NAB, NCV, TEV, NLT) rather than one of translation.

tn Heb “they”; the referent (the people) has been specified in the translation for clarity.



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