Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Lamentations 2:6

Context
NET ©

ו (Vav) He destroyed his temple 1  as if it were a vineyard; 2  he destroyed his appointed meeting place. The Lord has made those in Zion forget both the festivals and the Sabbaths. 3  In his fierce anger 4  he has spurned 5  both king and priest.

NIV ©

He has laid waste his dwelling like a garden; he has destroyed his place of meeting. The LORD has made Zion forget her appointed feasts and her Sabbaths; in his fierce anger he has spurned both king and priest.

NASB ©

And He has violently treated His tabernacle like a garden booth; He has destroyed His appointed meeting place. The LORD has caused to be forgotten The appointed feast and sabbath in Zion, And He has despised king and priest In the indignation of His anger.

NLT ©

He has broken down his Temple as though it were merely a garden shelter. The LORD has blotted out all memory of the holy festivals and Sabbath days. Kings and priests fall together before his anger.

MSG ©

He plowed up his old trysting place, trashed his favorite rendezvous. GOD wiped out Zion's memories of feast days and Sabbaths, angrily sacked king and priest alike.

BBE ©

And he has violently taken away his tent, as from a garden; he has made waste his meeting-place: the Lord has taken away the memory of feast and Sabbath in Zion, and in the passion of his wrath he is against king and priest.

NRSV ©

He has broken down his booth like a garden, he has destroyed his tabernacle; the LORD has abolished in Zion festival and sabbath, and in his fierce indignation has spurned king and priest.

NKJV ©

He has done violence to His tabernacle, As if it were a garden; He has destroyed His place of assembly; The LORD has caused The appointed feasts and Sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion. In His burning indignation He has spurned the king and the priest.


KJV
And he hath violently taken away
<02554> (8799)
his tabernacle
<07900>_,
as [if it were of] a garden
<01588>_:
he hath destroyed
<07843> (8765)
his places of the assembly
<04150>_:
the LORD
<03068>
hath caused the solemn feasts
<04150>
and sabbaths
<07676>
to be forgotten
<07911> (8765)
in Zion
<06726>_,
and hath despised
<05006> (8799)
in the indignation
<02195>
of his anger
<0639>
the king
<04428>
and the priest
<03548>_.
{tabernacle: or, hedge}
NASB ©
And He has violently
<02554>
treated
<02554>
His tabernacle
<07900>
like a garden
<01588>
booth; He has destroyed
<07843>
His appointed
<04150>
meeting
<04150>
place
<04150>
. The LORD
<03068>
has caused to be forgotten
<07911>
The appointed
<04150>
feast
<04150>
and sabbath
<07676>
in Zion
<06726>
, And He has despised
<05006>
king
<04428>
and priest
<03548>
In the indignation
<02195>
of His anger
<0639>
.
HEBREW
o
Nhkw
<03548>
Klm
<04428>
wpa
<0639>
Mezb
<02195>
Uanyw
<05006>
tbsw
<07676>
dewm
<04150>
Nwyub
<06726>
hwhy
<03068>
xks
<07911>
wdewm
<04150>
txs
<07843>
wkv
<07900>
Ngk
<01588>
omxyw (2:6)
<02554>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
diepetasen {V-AAI-3S} wv
<3739
CONJ
ampelon
<288
N-ASF
to
<3588
T-ASN
skhnwma
<4638
N-ASN
autou
<846
D-GSM
diefyeiren
<1311
V-IAI-3S
eorthn
<1859
N-ASF
autou
<846
D-GSM
epelayeto {V-AMI-3S} kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
o
<3739
R-NSM
epoihsen
<4160
V-AAI-3S
en
<1722
PREP
siwn
<4622
N-PRI
eorthv
<1859
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
sabbatou
<4521
N-GSN
kai
<2532
CONJ
parwxunen
<3947
V-AAI-3S
embrimhmati {N-DSN} orghv
<3709
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
basilea
<935
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ierea
<2409
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
arconta
<758
N-ASM
NET © [draft] ITL
ו(Vav) He destroyed
<07843>
his
<01588>
temple
<07900>
as if it were a vineyard; he destroyed his appointed meeting place
<04150>
. The Lord
<03068>
has made those in Zion
<06726>
forget
<07911>
both the festivals
<04150>
and the Sabbaths
<07676>
. In his fierce
<02195>
anger
<0639>
he has spurned
<05006>
both king
<04428>
and priest
<03548>
.
NET ©

ו (Vav) He destroyed his temple 1  as if it were a vineyard; 2  he destroyed his appointed meeting place. The Lord has made those in Zion forget both the festivals and the Sabbaths. 3  In his fierce anger 4  he has spurned 5  both king and priest.

NET © Notes

tn Heb “His booth.” The noun שׂךְ (sokh, “booth,” BDB 968 s.v.) is a hapax legomenon (term that appears only once in the Hebrew OT), but it is probably an alternate spelling of the more common noun סֻכָּה (sukkah, “booth”) which is used frequently of temporary shelters and booths (e.g., Neh 8:15) (BDB 697 s.v. סֻכָּה). Related to the verb שָׂכַךְ (sakhakh, “to weave”), it refers to a temporary dwelling constructed of interwoven boughs. This is a figurative description of the temple, as the parallel term מוֹעֲדוֹ (moado, “his tabernacle” or “his appointed meeting place”) makes clear. Jeremiah probably chose this term to emphasize the frailty of the temple, and its ease of destruction. Contrary to the expectation of Jerusalem, it was only a temporary dwelling of the Lord – its permanence cut short due to sin of the people.

tc The MT reads כַּגַּן (kaggan, “like a garden”). The LXX reads ὡς ἄμπελον (Jw" ampelon) which reflects כְּגֶפֶן (kÿgefen, “like a vineyard”). Internal evidence favors כְּגֶפֶן (kÿgefen) because God’s judgment is often compared to the destruction of a vineyard (e.g., Job 15:33; Isa 34:4; Ezek 15:2, 6). The omission of פ (pe) is easily explained due to the similarity in spelling between כְּגֶפֶן (kÿgefen) and כַּגַּן (kaggan).

tn Heb “The Lord has caused to be forgotten in Zion both appointed festival and Sabbath.” The verb שִׁכַּח (shikkakh, “to cause someone to forget”), Piel perfect 3rd person masculine singular from שָׁכַח (shakhakh, “to forget”) is used figuratively. When people forget “often the neglect of obligations is in view” (L. C. Allen, NIDOTTE 4:104). When people forget the things of God, they are in disobedience and often indicted for ignoring God or neglecting their duties to him (Deut 4:23, 31; 6:12; 8:11, 19; 26:13; 31:21; 32:18; Judg 3:7; 1 Sam 12:9; 2 Kgs 17:38; Is 49:14; 51:13; 65:11; Jer 18:15; Exek 23:35; Hos 4:6). The irony is that the one to whom worship is due has made it so that people must neglect it. Most English versions render this in a metonymical sense: “the Lord has brought to an end in Zion appointed festival and sabbath” (RSV), “[he] did away with festivals and Sabbaths” (CEV), “he has put an end to holy days and Sabbaths” (TEV), “the Lord has ended…festival and sabbath” (NJPS), “the Lord has abolished…festivals and sabbath” (NRSV). Few English versions employ the gloss “remember”: “the Lord hath caused the solemn feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten” (KJV) and “the Lord has made Zion forget her appointed feasts and her sabbaths”(NIV).

tn Heb “In the fury of his anger” (זַעַם־אפּוֹ, zaam-appo). The genitive noun אפּוֹ (’appo, “his anger”) functions as an attributed genitive with the construct noun זַעַם (zaam, “fury, rage”): “his furious anger.”

tn The verb נָאַץ (naats, “to spurn, show contempt”) functions as a metonymy of cause (= to spurn king and priests) for effect (= to reject them; cf. CEV). Since spurning is the cause, this may be understood as “to reject with a negative attitude.” However, retaining “spurn” in the translation keeps the term emotionally loaded. The most frequent term for נָאַץ (naats) in the LXX (παροξύνω, paroxunw) also conveys emotion beyond a decision to reject.



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