Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Lamentations 2:13

Context
NET ©

מ (Mem) With what can I equate 1  you? To what can I compare you, O Daughter Jerusalem? To what can I liken you 2  so that 3  I might comfort you, O Virgin Daughter Zion? Your wound is as deep 4  as the sea. 5  Who can heal you? 6 

NIV ©

What can I say for you? With what can I compare you, O Daughter of Jerusalem? To what can I liken you, that I may comfort you, O Virgin Daughter of Zion? Your wound is as deep as the sea. Who can heal you?

NASB ©

How shall I admonish you? To what shall I compare you, O daughter of Jerusalem? To what shall I liken you as I comfort you, O virgin daughter of Zion? For your ruin is as vast as the sea; Who can heal you?

NLT ©

In all the world has there ever been such sorrow? O daughter of Jerusalem, to what can I compare your anguish? O virgin daughter of Zion, how can I comfort you? For your wound is as deep as the sea. Who can heal you?

MSG ©

How can I understand your plight, dear Jerusalem? What can I say to give you comfort, dear Zion? Who can put you together again? This bust-up is past understanding.

BBE ©

What example am I to give you? what comparison am I to make for you, O daughter of Jerusalem? what am I to make equal to you, so that I may give you comfort, O virgin daughter of Zion? for your destruction is great like the sea: who is able to make you well?

NRSV ©

What can I say for you, to what compare you, O daughter Jerusalem? To what can I liken you, that I may comfort you, O virgin daughter Zion? For vast as the sea is your ruin; who can heal you?

NKJV ©

How shall I console you? To what shall I liken you, O daughter of Jerusalem? What shall I compare with you, that I may comfort you, O virgin daughter of Zion? For your ruin is spread wide as the sea; Who can heal you?


KJV
What thing shall I take to witness
<05749> (8686) (8675) <05749> (8799)
for
thee?
what thing
<04100>
shall I liken
<01819> (8762)
to thee, O daughter
<01323>
of Jerusalem
<03389>_?
what shall I equal
<07737> (8686)
to thee, that I may comfort
<05162> (8762)
thee, O virgin
<01330>
daughter
<01323>
of Zion
<06726>_?
for thy breach
<07667>
[is] great
<01419>
like the sea
<03220>_:
who can heal
<07495> (8799)
thee?
NASB ©
How
<04100>
shall I admonish
<05749>
you? To what
<04100>
shall I compare
<01819>
you, O daughter
<01323>
of Jerusalem
<03389>
? To what
<04100>
shall I liken
<07737>
you as I comfort
<05162>
you, O virgin
<01330>
daughter
<01323>
of Zion
<06726>
? For your ruin
<07667>
is as vast
<01419>
as the sea
<03220>
; Who
<04310>
can heal
<07495>
you?
HEBREW
o
Kl
<0>
apry
<07495>
ym
<04310>
Krbs
<07667>
Myk
<03220>
lwdg
<01419>
yk
<03588>
Nwyu
<06726>
tb
<01323>
tlwtb
<01330>
Kmxnaw
<05162>
Kl
<0>
hwsa
<07737>
hm
<04100>
Mlswry
<03389>
tbh
<01323>
Kl
<0>
hmda
<01819>
hm
<04100>
Kdyea
<05749>
hm (2:13)
<04100>
LXXM
ti
<5100
I-ASN
marturhsw
<3140
V-AAS-1S
soi
<4771
P-DS
h
<2228
CONJ
ti
<5100
I-ASN
omoiwsw
<3666
V-FAI-1S
soi
<4771
P-DS
yugater
<2364
N-VSF
ierousalhm
<2419
N-PRI
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
swsei
<4982
V-FAI-3S
se
<4771
P-AS
kai
<2532
CONJ
parakalesei
<3870
V-FAI-3S
se
<4771
P-AS
paryenov
<3933
N-NSF
yugater
<2364
N-VSF
siwn
<4622
N-PRI
oti
<3754
CONJ
emegalunyh
<3170
V-API-3S
pothrion
<4221
N-NSN
suntribhv {N-GSF} sou
<4771
P-GS
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
iasetai
<2390
V-FMI-3S
se
<4771
P-AS
NET © [draft] ITL
מ(Mem
<05749>
) With what
<04100>
can I equate you? To what
<04100>
can I compare
<01819>
you, O Daughter
<01323>
Jerusalem
<03389>
? To what
<04100>
can I liken
<07737>
you so that I might comfort
<05162>
you, O Virgin
<01330>
Daughter
<01323>
Zion
<06726>
? Your wound
<07667>
is as deep
<01419>
as the sea
<03220>
. Who
<04310>
can heal
<07495>
you?
NET ©

מ (Mem) With what can I equate 1  you? To what can I compare you, O Daughter Jerusalem? To what can I liken you 2  so that 3  I might comfort you, O Virgin Daughter Zion? Your wound is as deep 4  as the sea. 5  Who can heal you? 6 

NET © Notes

tc The MT reads אֲעִידֵךְ (’aidekh), Hiphil imperfect 1st person common singular + 2fs suffix from עָדָה (’adah, “to testify”): “[How] can I testify for you?” However, Latin Vulgate comparabo te reflects the reading אֶעֱרָךְ (’eerakh), Qal imperfect 1st person common singular from עָרַךְ (’arakh, “to liken”): “[To what] can I liken [you]?” The verb עָרַךְ (’arakh) normally means “to lay out, set in rows; to get ready, set in order; to line up for battle, set battle formation,” but it also may denote “to compare (as a result of arranging in order), to make equal” (e.g., Pss 40:6; 89:6 [HT 7]; Job 28:17, 19; Isa 40:18; 44:7). The BHS editors suggest the emendation which involves simple orthographic confusion between ר (resh) and ד (dalet), and deletion of י (yod) that the MT added to make sense of the form. The variant is favored based on internal evidence: (1) it is the more difficult reading because the meaning “to compare” for עָרַךְ (’arakh) is less common than עָדָה (’adah, “to testify”), (2) it recovers a tight parallelism between עָרַךְ (’arakh, “to liken”) and דָּמָה (damah, “to compare”) (e.g., Ps 89:6 [HT 7]; Isa 40:18), and (3) the MT reading: “How can I testify for you?” makes little sense in the context. Nevertheless, most English versions hold to the MT reading: KJV, RSV, NRSV, NASB, NIV, TEV, CEV. This textual emendation was first proposed by J. Meinhold, “Threni 2,13,” ZAW 15 (1895): 286.

tc The MT reads מָה אַשְׁוֶה־לָּךְ וַאֲנַחֲמֵךְ (mahashveh-lakh vaanakhamekh, “To what can I compare you so that I might comfort you?”). The LXX reflects a Vorlage of מִי יוֹשִׁיעַ לָךְ וְנִחַמְךָ (mi yoshialakh vÿnikhamÿkha, “Who will save you so that he might comfort you?”). This textual variant reflects several cases of orthographic confusion between similarly spelled words. The MT best explains the origin of the LXX textual variants. Internal evidence of contextual congruence favors the MT as the original reading.

tn The ו (vav) prefixed to וַאֲנַחֲמֵךְ (vaanakhamekh, “I might comfort you”) denotes purpose: “so that….”

tn Heb “as great as the sea.”

tc The MT reads כָּיָּם (kayyam, “as the sea”), while the LXX reflects a Vorlage of כּוֹס (kos, “a cup”). The textual variant is probably due to simple orthographic confusion between letters of similar appearance. The idiomatic expression favors the MT.

sn The rhetorical question implies a denial: “No one can heal you!” The following verses, 14-17, present four potential healers – prophets, passersby, enemies, and God.



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