Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jonah 3:4

Context
NET ©

When Jonah began to enter the city one day’s walk, he announced, “At the end of forty days, 1  Nineveh will be overthrown!” 2 

NIV ©

On the first day, Jonah started into the city. He proclaimed: "Forty more days and Nineveh will be overturned."

NASB ©

Then Jonah began to go through the city one day’s walk; and he cried out and said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown."

NLT ©

On the day Jonah entered the city, he shouted to the crowds: "Forty days from now Nineveh will be destroyed!"

MSG ©

Jonah entered the city, went one day's walk and preached, "In forty days Nineveh will be smashed."

BBE ©

And Jonah first of all went a day’s journey into the town, and crying out said, In forty days destruction will overtake Nineveh.

NRSV ©

Jonah began to go into the city, going a day’s walk. And he cried out, "Forty days more, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!"

NKJV ©

And Jonah began to enter the city on the first day’s walk. Then he cried out and said, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!"


KJV
And Jonah
<03124>
began
<02490> (8686)
to enter
<0935> (8800)
into the city
<05892>
a
<0259>
day's
<03117>
journey
<04109>_,
and he cried
<07121> (8799)_,
and said
<0559> (8799)_,
Yet forty
<0705>
days
<03117>_,
and Nineveh
<05210>
shall be overthrown
<02015> (8737)_.
NASB ©
Then Jonah
<03124>
began
<02490>
to go
<0935>
through the city
<05892>
one
<0259>
day's
<03117>
walk
<04109>
; and he cried
<07121>
out and said
<0559>
, "Yet
<05750>
forty
<0705>
days
<03117>
and Nineveh
<05210>
will be overthrown
<02015>
."
HEBREW
tkphn
<02015>
hwnynw
<05210>
Mwy
<03117>
Myebra
<0705>
dwe
<05750>
rmayw
<0559>
arqyw
<07121>
dxa
<0259>
Mwy
<03117>
Klhm
<04109>
ryeb
<05892>
awbl
<0935>
hnwy
<03124>
lxyw (3:4)
<02490>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
hrxato
<757
V-AMI-3S
iwnav
<2495
N-NSM
tou
<3588
T-GSN
eiselyein
<1525
V-AAN
eiv
<1519
PREP
thn
<3588
T-ASF
polin
<4172
N-ASF
wsei
<5616
ADV
poreian
<4197
N-ASF
hmerav
<2250
N-GSF
miav
<1519
A-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
ekhruxen
<2784
V-AAI-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} eti
<2089
ADV
treiv
<5140
A-NPF
hmerai
<2250
N-NPF
kai
<2532
CONJ
nineuh {N-NSF} katastrafhsetai
<2690
V-FPI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
When Jonah
<03124>
began
<02490>
to enter
<0935>
the city
<05892>
one
<0259>
day’s
<03117>
walk
<04109>
, he announced
<07121>
, “At the end of forty
<0705>
days
<03117>
, Nineveh
<05210>
will be overthrown
<02015>
!”
NET ©

When Jonah began to enter the city one day’s walk, he announced, “At the end of forty days, 1  Nineveh will be overthrown!” 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown!” The adverbial use of עוֹד (’od, “yet”) denotes limited temporal continuation (BDB 728 s.v. עוֹד 1.a; Gen 29:7; Isa 10:32). Tg. Jonah 3:4 rendered it as “at the end of [forty days, Nineveh will be overthrown].”

tn Heb “be overturned.” The Niphal נֶהְפָּכֶת (nehpakhet, “be overturned”) refers to a city being overthrown and destroyed (BDB 246 s.v. הָפַךְ 2.d). The related Qal form refers to the destruction of a city by military conquest (Judg 7:3; 2 Sam 10:3; 2 Kgs 21:13; Amos 4:11) or divine intervention as in the case of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen 19:21, 25, 29; Deut 29:22; Jer 20:16; Lam 4:6; BDB 245 s.v. 1.b). The participle form used here depicts an imminent future action (see IBHS 627-28 §37.6f) which is specified as only “forty days” away.



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