Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

John 5:2

Context
NET ©

Now there is 1  in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate 2  a pool called Bethzatha 3  in Aramaic, 4  which has five covered walkways. 5 

NIV ©

Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades.

NASB ©

Now there is in Jerusalem by the sheep gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew Bethesda, having five porticoes.

NLT ©

Inside the city, near the Sheep Gate, was the pool of Bethesda, with five covered porches.

MSG ©

Near the Sheep Gate in Jerusalem there was a pool, in Hebrew called [Bethesda], with five alcoves.

BBE ©

Now in Jerusalem near the sheep-market there is a public bath which in Hebrew is named Beth-zatha. It has five doorways.

NRSV ©

Now in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate there is a pool, called in Hebrew Beth-zatha, which has five porticoes.

NKJV ©

Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches.


KJV
Now
<1161>
there is
<2076> (5748)
at
<1722>
Jerusalem
<2414>
by
<1909>
the sheep
<4262>
[market] a pool
<2861>_,
which
<3588>
is called
<1951> (5746)
in the Hebrew tongue
<1447>
Bethesda
<964>_,
having
<2192> (5723)
five
<4002>
porches
<4745>_.
{market: or, gate}
NASB ©
Now
<1161>
there is in Jerusalem
<2414>
by the sheep
<4262>
gate a pool
<2861>
, which is called
<1951>
in Hebrew
<1447>
Bethesda
<964>
, having
<2192>
five
<4002>
porticoes
<4745>
.
GREEK
estin
<1510> (5748)
V-PXI-3S
de
<1161>
CONJ
en
<1722>
PREP
toiv
<3588>
T-DPN
ierosolumoiv
<2414>
N-DPN
epi
<1909>
PREP
th
<3588>
T-DSF
probatikh
<4262>
A-DSF
kolumbhyra
<2861>
N-NSF
h
<3588>
T-NSF
epilegomenh
<1951> (5746)
V-PPP-NSF
ebraisti
<1447>
ADV
bhyzaya
<964>
N-PRI
pente
<4002>
A-NUI
stoav
<4745>
N-APF
ecousa
<2192> (5723)
V-PAP-NSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Now there is
<1510>
in
<1722>
Jerusalem
<2414>
by
<1909>
the Sheep Gate
<4262>
a pool
<2861>
called
<1951>
Bethzatha
<964>
in Aramaic
<1447>
, which has
<2192>
five
<4002>
covered walkways
<4745>
.
NET ©

Now there is 1  in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate 2  a pool called Bethzatha 3  in Aramaic, 4  which has five covered walkways. 5 

NET © Notes

tn Regarding the use of the present tense ἐστιν (estin) and its implications for the dating of the Gospel of John, see the article by D. B. Wallace, “John 5,2 and the Date of the Fourth Gospel,” Bib 71 (1990): 177-205.

tn The site of the miracle is also something of a problem: προβατικῇ (probatikh) is usually taken as a reference to the Sheep Gate near the temple. Some (R. E. Brown and others) would place the word κολυμβήθρα (kolumbhqra) with προβατικῇ to read “in Jerusalem, by the Sheep Pool, there is (another pool) with the Hebrew name.” This would imply that there is reference to two pools in the context rather than only one. This does not seem necessary (although it is a grammatical possibility). The gender of the words does not help since both are feminine (as is the participle ἐπιλεγομένη [epilegomenh]). Note however that Brown’s suggestion would require a feminine word to be supplied (for the participle ἐπιλεγομένη to modify). The traditional understanding of the phrase as a reference to the Sheep Gate near the temple appears more probably correct.

tc Some mss (א [L] 33 it) read Bethzatha, while others read Bethsaida (Ì[66],75 B T Ws [Ψ] pc vg); codex D has Belzetha. A lot of controversy has surrounded the name of the pool itself: The reading of the Byzantine (or majority) text (A C Θ 078 Ë1,13 Ï), Bethesda, has been virtually discarded by scholars in favor of what is thought to be the more primitive Bethzatha, even though many recent translations continue to employ Bethesda, the traditional reading. The latter is attested by Josephus as the name of a quarter of the city near the northeast corner of the temple area. He reports that the Syrian Legate Cestius burned this suburb in his attack on Jerusalem in October a.d. 68 (J. W. 2.19.4 [2.530]). However, there is some new archaeological evidence for this problem. 3Q15 (Copper Scroll) from Qumran seems to indicate that in the general area of the temple, on the eastern hill of Jerusalem, a treasure was buried in Bet áEsdatayin, in the pool at the entrance to the smaller basin. The name of the region or pool itself seems then to have been Bet ᾿Esda, “house of the flowing.” It appears with the dual ending in the scroll because there were two basins. Bethesda seems to be an accurate Greek rendition of the name, while J. T. Milik suggests Bethzatha is a rendition of the Aramaic intensive plural Bet áEsdata (DJDJ 3, 271). As for the text of John 5:2, the fundamental problems with the Bethesda reading are that it looks motivated (with an edifying Semitic etymology, meaning “House of Mercy” [TCGNT 178]), and is minimally attested. Apart from the Copper Scroll, the evidence for Bethesda is almost entirely shut up to the Byzantine text (C being the most notable exception, but it often has Byzantine encroachments). On the one hand, this argues the Byzantine reading here had ancient, semitic roots; on the other hand, since both readings are attested as historically accurate, a decision has to be based on the better witnesses. The fact that there are multiple readings here suggests that the original was not well understood. Which reading best explains the rise of the others? It seems that Bethzatha is the best choice.

sn On the location of the pool called Bethzatha, the double-pool of St. Anne is the probable site, and has been excavated; the pools were trapezoidal in shape, 165 ft (49.5 m) wide at one end, 220 ft (66 m) wide at the other, and 315 ft (94.5 m) long, divided by a central partition. There were colonnades (rows of columns) on all 4 sides and on the partition, thus forming the five covered walkways mentioned in John 5:2. Stairways at the corners permitted descent to the pool.

tn Grk “in Hebrew.”

tn Or “porticoes,” or “colonnades”; Grk “stoas.”

sn The pool had five porticoes. These were covered walkways formed by rows of columns supporting a roof and open on the side facing the pool. People could stand, sit, or walk on these colonnaded porches, protected from the weather and the heat of the sun.



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