Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Job 1:21

Context
NET ©

He said, “Naked 1  I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will return there. 2  The Lord gives, and the Lord takes away. 3  May the name of the Lord 4  be blessed!”

NIV ©

and said: "Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I shall depart. The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away; may the name of the LORD be praised."

NASB ©

He said, "Naked I came from my mother’s womb, And naked I shall return there. The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away. Blessed be the name of the LORD."

NLT ©

He said, "I came naked from my mother’s womb, and I will be stripped of everything when I die. The LORD gave me everything I had, and the LORD has taken it away. Praise the name of the LORD!"

MSG ©

Naked I came from my mother's womb, naked I'll return to the womb of the earth. GOD gives, GOD takes. God's name be ever blessed.

BBE ©

With nothing I came out of my mother’s body, and with nothing I will go back there; the Lord gave and the Lord has taken away; let the Lord’s name be praised.

NRSV ©

He said, "Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return there; the LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD."

NKJV ©

And he said: "Naked I came from my mother’s womb, And naked shall I return there. The LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away; Blessed be the name of the LORD."


KJV
And said
<0559> (8799)_,
Naked
<06174>
came I out
<03318> (8804)
of my mother's
<0517>
womb
<0990>_,
and naked
<06174>
shall I return
<07725> (8799)
thither: the LORD
<03068>
gave
<05414> (8804)_,
and the LORD
<03068>
hath taken away
<03947> (8804)_;
blessed
<01288> (8794)
be the name
<08034>
of the LORD
<03068>_.
NASB ©
He said
<0559>
, "Naked
<06174>
I came
<03318>
from my mother's
<0517>
womb
<0990>
, And naked
<06174>
I shall return
<07725>
there
<08033>
. The LORD
<03068>
gave
<05414>
and the LORD
<03068>
has taken
<03947>
away. Blessed
<01288>
be the name
<08034>
of the LORD
<03068>
."
HEBREW
Krbm
<01288>
hwhy
<03068>
Ms
<08034>
yhy
<01961>
xql
<03947>
hwhyw
<03068>
Ntn
<05414>
hwhy
<03068>
hms
<08033>
bwsa
<07725>
Mrew
<06174>
yma
<0517>
Njbm
<0990>
*ytauy {ytuy}
<03318>
Mre
<06174>
rmayw (1:21)
<0559>
LXXM
autov
<846
D-NSM
gumnov
<1131
A-NSM
exhlyon
<1831
V-AAI-1S
ek
<1537
PREP
koiliav
<2836
N-GSF
mhtrov
<3384
N-GSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
gumnov
<1131
A-NSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
apeleusomai
<565
V-FMI-1S
ekei
<1563
ADV
o
<3588
T-NSM
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
edwken
<1325
V-AAI-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
afeilato {V-AMI-3S} wv
<3739
CONJ
tw
<3588
T-DSM
kuriw
<2962
N-DSM
edoxen
<1380
V-AAI-3S
outwv
<3778
ADV
kai
<2532
CONJ
egeneto
<1096
V-AMI-3S
eih
<1510
V-PAO-3S
to
<3588
T-NSN
onoma
<3686
N-NSN
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
euloghmenon
<2127
V-RMPNS
NET © [draft] ITL
He said
<0559>
, “Naked
<06174>
I came
<03318>
from my mother’s
<0517>
womb
<0990>
, and naked
<06174>
I will return
<07725>
there
<08033>
. The Lord
<03068>
gives
<05414>
, and the Lord
<03068>
takes away
<03947>
. May
<01961>
the name
<08034>
of the Lord
<03068>
be blessed
<01288>
!”
NET ©

He said, “Naked 1  I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will return there. 2  The Lord gives, and the Lord takes away. 3  May the name of the Lord 4  be blessed!”

NET © Notes

tn The adjective “naked” is functioning here as an adverbial accusative of state, explicative of the state of the subject. While it does include the literal sense of nakedness at birth, Job is also using it symbolically to mean “without possessions.”

sn While the first half of the couplet is to be taken literally as referring to his coming into this life, this second part must be interpreted only generally to refer to his departure from this life. It is parallel to 1 Tim 6:7, “For we have brought nothing into this world and so we cannot take a single thing out either.”

tn The two verbs are simple perfects. (1) They can be given the nuance of gnomic imperfect, expressing what the sovereign God always does. This is the approach taken in the present translation. Alternatively (2) they could be referring specifically to Job’s own experience: “Yahweh gave [definite past, referring to his coming into this good life] and Yahweh has taken away” [present perfect, referring to his great losses]. Many English versions follow the second alternative.

sn Some commentators are troubled by the appearance of the word “Yahweh” on the lips of Job, assuming that the narrator inserted his own name for God into the story-telling. Such thinking is based on the assumption that Yahweh was only a national god of Israel, unknown to anyone else in the ancient world. But here is a clear indication that a non-Israelite, Job, knew and believed in Yahweh.



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