Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 51:20

Context
NET ©

“Babylon, 1  you are my war club, 2  my weapon for battle. I used you to smash nations. 3  I used you to destroy kingdoms.

NIV ©

"You are my war club, my weapon for battle—with you I shatter nations, with you I destroy kingdoms,

NASB ©

He says, "You are My war-club, My weapon of war; And with you I shatter nations, And with you I destroy kingdoms.

NLT ©

"You are my battle–ax and sword," says the LORD. "With you I will shatter nations and destroy many kingdoms.

MSG ©

God says, "You, Babylon, are my hammer, my weapon of war. I'll use you to smash godless nations, use you to knock kingdoms to bits.

BBE ©

You are my fighting axe and my instrument of war: with you the nations will be broken; with you kingdoms will be broken;

NRSV ©

You are my war club, my weapon of battle: with you I smash nations; with you I destroy kingdoms;

NKJV ©

"You are My battle–ax and weapons of war: For with you I will break the nation in pieces; With you I will destroy kingdoms;


KJV
Thou [art] my battle axe
<04661>
[and] weapons
<03627>
of war
<04421>_:
for with thee will I break in pieces
<05310> (8765)
the nations
<01471>_,
and with thee will I destroy
<07843> (8689)
kingdoms
<04467>_;
{with thee: or, in thee, or, by thee}
NASB ©
He says, "You are My war-club
<04661>
, My weapon
<03627>
of war
<04421>
; And with you I shatter
<05310>
nations
<01471>
, And with you I destroy
<07843>
kingdoms
<04467>
.
HEBREW
twklmm
<04467>
Kb
<0>
ytxshw
<07843>
Mywg
<01471>
Kb
<0>
ytupnw
<05310>
hmxlm
<04421>
ylk
<03627>
yl
<0>
hta
<0859>
Upm (51:20)
<04661>
LXXM
(28:20) diaskorpizeiv
<1287
V-PAI-2S
su
<4771
P-NS
moi
<1473
P-DS
skeuh
<4632
N-APN
polemou
<4171
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
diaskorpiw
<1287
V-FAI-1S
en
<1722
PREP
soi
<4771
P-DS
eynh
<1484
N-APN
kai
<2532
CONJ
exarw
<1808
V-FAI-1S
ek
<1537
PREP
sou
<4771
P-GS
basileiv
<935
N-NPM
NET © [draft] ITL
“Babylon, you
<0859>
are my war club
<04661>
, my weapon
<03627>
for battle
<04421>
. I used you to smash
<05310>
nations
<01471>
. I used you to destroy
<07843>
kingdoms
<04467>
.
NET ©

“Babylon, 1  you are my war club, 2  my weapon for battle. I used you to smash nations. 3  I used you to destroy kingdoms.

NET © Notes

tn Or “Media.” The referent is not identified in the text; the text merely says “you are my war club.” Commentators in general identify the referent as Babylon because Babylon has been referred to as a hammer in 50:23 and Babylon is referred to in v. 25 as a “destroying mountain” (compare v. 20d). However, S. R. Driver, Jeremiah, 317, n. c maintains that v. 24 speaks against this. It does seem a little inconsistent to render the vav consecutive perfect at the beginning of v. 24 as future while rendering those in vv. 20b-23 as customary past. However, change in person from second masculine singular (vv. 20b-23) to the second masculine plural in “before your very eyes” and its position at the end of the verse after “which they did in Zion” argue that a change in address occurs there. Driver has to ignore the change in person and take “before your eyes” with the verb “repay” at the beginning to maintain the kind of consistency he seeks. The vav (ו) consecutive imperfect can be used for either the customary past (GKC 335-36 §112.dd with cross reference back to GKC 331-32 §112.e) or the future (GKC 334 §112.x). Hence the present translation has followed the majority of commentaries (and English versions like TEV, NCV, CEV, NIrV) in understanding the referent as Babylon and v. 24 being a transition to vv. 25-26 (cf., e.g., J. Bright, Jeremiah [AB], 356-57, and J. A. Thompson, Jeremiah [NICOT], 756-57). If the referent is understood as Media then the verbs in vv. 20-23 should all be translated as futures. See also the translator’s note on v. 24.

tn This Hebrew word (מַפֵּץ, mappets) only occurs here in the Hebrew Bible, but its meaning is assured from the use of the verbs that follow which are from the same root (נָפַץ, nafats) and there is a cognate noun מַפָּץ (mappats) that occurs in Ezek 9:2 in the sense of weapon of “smashing.”

tn Heb “I smash nations with you.” This same structure is repeated throughout the series in vv. 20c-23.



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