Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 23:5

Context
NET ©

“I, the Lord, promise 1  that a new time will certainly come 2  when I will raise up for them a righteous branch, 3  a descendant of David. He will rule over them with wisdom and understanding 4  and will do what is just and right in the land. 5 

NIV ©

"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.

NASB ©

"Behold, the days are coming," declares the LORD, "When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; And He will reign as king and act wisely And do justice and righteousness in the land.

NLT ©

"For the time is coming," says the LORD, "when I will place a righteous Branch on King David’s throne. He will be a King who rules with wisdom. He will do what is just and right throughout the land.

MSG ©

"Time's coming"--GOD's Decree--"when I'll establish a truly righteous David-Branch, A ruler who knows how to rule justly. He'll make sure of justice and keep people united.

BBE ©

See, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will give to David a true Branch, and he will be ruling as king, acting wisely, doing what is right, and judging uprightly in the land.

NRSV ©

The days are surely coming, says the LORD, when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land.

NKJV ©

"Behold, the days are coming," says the LORD, "That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness; A King shall reign and prosper, And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.


KJV
Behold, the days
<03117>
come
<0935> (8802)_,
saith
<05002> (8803)
the LORD
<03068>_,
that I will raise
<06965> (8689)
unto David
<01732>
a righteous
<06662>
Branch
<06780>_,
and a King
<04428>
shall reign
<04427> (8804)
and prosper
<07919> (8689)_,
and shall execute
<06213> (8804)
judgment
<04941>
and justice
<06666>
in the earth
<0776>_.
NASB ©
"Behold
<02009>
, the days
<03117>
are coming
<0935>
," declares
<05002>
the LORD
<03068>
, "When I will raise
<06965>
up for David
<01732>
a righteous
<06662>
Branch
<06780>
; And He will reign
<04427>
as king
<04428>
and act
<07919>
wisely
<07919>
And do
<06213>
justice
<04941>
and righteousness
<06666>
in the land
<0776>
.
HEBREW
Urab
<0776>
hqduw
<06666>
jpsm
<04941>
hvew
<06213>
lykvhw
<07919>
Klm
<04428>
Klmw
<04427>
qydu
<06662>
xmu
<06780>
dwdl
<01732>
ytmqhw
<06965>
hwhy
<03068>
Man
<05002>
Myab
<0935>
Mymy
<03117>
hnh (23:5)
<02009>
LXXM
idou
<2400
INJ
hmerai
<2250
N-NPF
ercontai
<2064
V-PMI-3P
legei
<3004
V-PAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
anasthsw
<450
V-FAI-1S
tw
<3588
T-DSM
dauid {N-PRI} anatolhn
<395
N-ASF
dikaian
<1342
A-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
basileusei
<936
V-FAI-3S
basileuv
<935
N-NSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
sunhsei
<4920
V-FAI-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
poihsei
<4160
V-FAI-3S
krima
<2917
N-ASN
kai
<2532
CONJ
dikaiosunhn
<1343
N-ASF
epi
<1909
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ghv
<1065
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
“I
<02009>
, the Lord
<03068>
, promise
<05002>
that a new time
<03117>
will certainly
<02009>
come
<0935>
when I will raise
<06965>
up for them a righteous
<06662>
branch
<06780>
, a descendant of David
<01732>
. He will rule
<04427>
over them with wisdom and understanding
<07919>
and will do
<06213>
what is just
<04941>
and right
<06666>
in the land
<0776>
.
NET ©

“I, the Lord, promise 1  that a new time will certainly come 2  when I will raise up for them a righteous branch, 3  a descendant of David. He will rule over them with wisdom and understanding 4  and will do what is just and right in the land. 5 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”

tn Heb “Behold the days are coming.”

tn Heb “a righteous sprig to David” or “a righteous shoot” (NAB).

sn This passage and the parallel in Jer 33:15 are part of a growing number of prayers and prophecies regarding an ideal ruler to come forth from the Davidic line who will bring the justice, security, and well-being that the continuing line of Davidic rulers did not. Though there were periodic kings like Josiah who did fulfill the ideals set forth in Jer 22:3 (see Jer 22:15), by and large they were more like Jehoiakim who did not (see Jer 22:13). Hence the Lord brought to an end the Davidic rule. The potential for the ideal, however, remained because of God’s promise to David (2 Sam 7:16). The Davidic line became like a tree which was cut down, leaving only a stump. But from that stump God would bring forth a “shoot,” a “sprig” which would fulfill the ideals of kingship. See Isa 11:1-6 and Zech 3:8, 6:12 for this metaphor and compare Dan 4:14-15, 23, 26 for a different but related use of the metaphor.

tn Heb “he will reign as king and act wisely.” This is another example of the use of two verbs joined by “and” where one becomes the adverbial modifier of the other (hendiadys). For the nuance of the verb “act wisely” rather than “prosper” see Amos 5:13; Ps 2:10 (cf. BDB 968 s.v. שָׂכַל Hiph.5).

sn This has been the constant emphasis in this section. See 22:3 for the demand, 22:15 for its fulfillment, and 22:13 for its abuse. The ideal king would follow in the footsteps of his illustrious ancestor David (2 Sam 8:15) who set this forth as an ideal for his dynasty (2 Sam 23:3) and prayed for it to be true of his son Solomon (Ps 72:1-2).



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