Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 42:19

Context
NET ©

My servant is truly blind, my messenger is truly deaf. My covenant partner, 1  the servant of the Lord, is truly blind. 2 

NIV ©

Who is blind but my servant, and deaf like the messenger I send? Who is blind like the one committed to me, blind like the servant of the LORD?

NASB ©

Who is blind but My servant, Or so deaf as My messenger whom I send? Who is so blind as he that is at peace with Me, Or so blind as the servant of the LORD?

NLT ©

Who in all the world is as blind as my own people, my servant? Who is as deaf as my messengers? Who is as blind as my chosen people, the servant of the LORD?

MSG ©

You're my servant, and you're not looking! You're my messenger, and you're not listening! The very people I depended upon, servants of GOD, blind as a bat--willfully blind!

BBE ©

Who is blind, but my servant? who has his ears stopped, but he whom I send? who is blind as my true one, or who has his ears shut like the Lord’s servant?

NRSV ©

Who is blind but my servant, or deaf like my messenger whom I send? Who is blind like my dedicated one, or blind like the servant of the LORD?

NKJV ©

Who is blind but My servant, Or deaf as My messenger whom I send? Who is blind as he who is perfect, And blind as the LORD’S servant?


KJV
Who [is] blind
<05787>_,
but my servant
<05650>_?
or deaf
<02795>_,
as my messenger
<04397>
[that] I sent
<07971> (8799)_?
who [is] blind
<05787>
as [he that is] perfect
<07999> (8794)_,
and blind
<05787>
as the LORD'S
<03068>
servant
<05650>_?
NASB ©
Who
<04310>
is blind
<05787>
but My servant
<05650>
, Or so deaf
<02795>
as My messenger
<04397>
whom I send
<07971>
? Who
<04310>
is so blind
<05787>
as he that is at peace
<07999>
with Me, Or so blind
<05787>
as the servant
<05650>
of the LORD
<03068>
?
HEBREW
hwhy
<03068>
dbek
<05650>
rwew
<05787>
Mlsmk
<07999>
rwe
<05787>
ym
<04310>
xlsa
<07971>
ykalmk
<04397>
srxw
<02795>
ydbe
<05650>
Ma
<0518>
yk
<03588>
rwe
<05787>
ym (42:19)
<04310>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
tuflov
<5185
A-NSM
all
<235
CONJ
h
<2228
PRT
oi
<3588
T-NPM
paidev
<3816
N-NPM
mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
kwfoi
<2974
A-NPM
all
<235
CONJ
h
<2228
PRT
oi
<3588
T-NPM
kurieuontev
<2961
V-PAPNP
autwn
<846
D-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
etuflwyhsan
<5186
V-API-3P
oi
<3588
T-NPM
douloi
<1401
N-NPM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
yeou
<2316
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
My servant
<05650>
is truly
<04310>
blind
<05787>
, my messenger
<04397>
is truly
<05787>
truly
<07971>
deaf
<02795>
. My covenant partner, the servant
<05650>
of the Lord
<03068>
, is truly
<07999>
blind
<05787>
.
NET ©

My servant is truly blind, my messenger is truly deaf. My covenant partner, 1  the servant of the Lord, is truly blind. 2 

NET © Notes

tc The precise meaning of מְשֻׁלָּם (mÿshullam) in this context is uncertain. In later biblical Hebrew the form (which appears to be a Pual participle from the root שָׁלַם, shalam) occurs as a proper name, Meshullam. The Pual of שָׁלַם (“be complete”) is attested with the meaning “repaid, requited,” but that makes little sense here. BDB 1023 s.v. שָׁלַם relates the form to the denominative verb שָׁלַם (“be at peace”) and paraphrases “one in a covenant of peace” (J. N. Oswalt suggests “the covenanted one”; Isaiah [NICOT], 2:128, n. 59) Some emend the form to מֹשְׁלָם (moshÿlam, “their ruler”) or to מְשֻׁלָּחִי (mÿshullakhi, “my sent [or “commissioned”] one”), which fits nicely in the parallelism (note “my messenger” in the previous line). The translation above assumes an emendation to כְּמוֹ שֹׁלְמִי (kÿmo sholÿmi, “like my ally”). Isaiah uses כְּמוֹ in 30:22 and perhaps 51:5; for שֹׁלְמי (“my ally”) see Ps 7:5 HT (7:4 ET).

tn Heb “Who is blind but my servant, and deaf like my messenger I send? Who is blind like my commissioned one, blind like the servant of the Lord?” The point of the rhetorical questions is that no one is as blind/deaf as this servant. In this context the Lord’s “servant” is exiled Israel (cf. 41:8-9), which is spiritually blind and deaf and has failed to fulfill God’s purpose for it. This servant stands in contrast to the ideal “Israel” of the servant songs.



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