Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Hosea 9:9

Context
NET ©

They have sunk deep into corruption 1  as in the days of Gibeah. He will remember their wrongdoing. He will repay them for their sins.

NIV ©

They have sunk deep into corruption, as in the days of Gibeah. God will remember their wickedness and punish them for their sins.

NASB ©

They have gone deep in depravity As in the days of Gibeah; He will remember their iniquity, He will punish their sins.

NLT ©

The things my people do are as depraved as what they did in Gibeah long ago. God will not forget. He will surely punish them for their sins.

MSG ©

The people are going from bad to worse, rivaling that ancient and unspeakable crime at Gibeah. God's keeping track of their guilt. He'll make them pay for their sins.

BBE ©

They have gone deep in evil as in the days of Gibeah; he will keep in mind their wrongdoing, he will give them punishment for their sins.

NRSV ©

They have deeply corrupted themselves as in the days of Gibeah; he will remember their iniquity, he will punish their sins.

NKJV ©

They are deeply corrupted, As in the days of Gibeah. He will remember their iniquity; He will punish their sins.


KJV
They have deeply
<06009> (8689)
corrupted
<07843> (8765)
[themselves], as in the days
<03117>
of Gibeah
<01390>_:
[therefore] he will remember
<02142> (8799)
their iniquity
<05771>_,
he will visit
<06485> (8799)
their sins
<02403>_.
NASB ©
They have gone
<06009>
deep
<06009>
in depravity
<07843>
As in the days
<03117>
of Gibeah
<01390>
; He will remember
<02142>
their iniquity
<05771>
, He will punish
<06485>
their sins
<02403>
.
HEBREW
o
Mtwajx
<02403>
dwqpy
<06485>
Mnwe
<05771>
rwkzy
<02142>
hebgh
<01390>
ymyk
<03117>
wtxs
<07843>
wqymeh (9:9)
<06009>
LXXM
efyarhsan
<5351
V-API-3P
kata
<2596
PREP
tav
<3588
T-APF
hmerav
<2250
N-APF
tou
<3588
T-GSM
bounou
<1015
N-GSM
mnhsyhsetai
<3403
V-FPI-3S
adikiav
<93
N-APF
autou
<846
D-GSM
ekdikhsei
<1556
V-FAI-3S
amartiav
<266
N-APF
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
They have sunk deep
<06009>
into corruption
<07843>
as in the days
<03117>
of Gibeah
<01390>
. He will remember
<02142>
their wrongdoing
<06485>
. He will repay them
<06485>
for their sins
<02403>
.
NET ©

They have sunk deep into corruption 1  as in the days of Gibeah. He will remember their wrongdoing. He will repay them for their sins.

NET © Notes

tn Or more literally, “they are deeply corrupted.” The two verbs הֶעְמִיקוּ־שִׁחֵתוּ (hemiqu-shikhetu; literally, “they have made deep, they act corruptly”) are coordinated without a conjunction vav to form a verbal hendiadys: the second verb represents the main idea, while the first functions adverbially (GKC 386-87 §120.g). Here Gesenius suggests “they are deeply/radically corrupted.” Several translations mirror the syntax of this hendiadys: “They have deeply corrupted themselves” (KJV, ASV, NRSV), “They have been grievously corrupt” (NJPS), and “They are hopelessly evil” (TEV). Others reverse the syntax for the sake of a more graphic English idiom: “They have gone deep in depravity” (NASB) and “They have sunk deep into corruption” (NIV). Some translations fail to represent the hendiadys at all: “You are brutal and corrupt” (CEV). The translation “They are deeply corrupted” mirrors the Hebrew syntax, but “They have sunk deep into corruption” is a more graphic English idiom and is preferred here (cf. NAB “They have sunk to the depths of corruption”).



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