Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 34:29

Context
NET ©

1 Now when Moses came down 2  from Mount Sinai with 3  the two tablets of the testimony in his hand 4  – when he came down 5  from the mountain, Moses 6  did not know that the skin of his face shone 7  while he talked with him.

NIV ©

When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hands, he was not aware that his face was radiant because he had spoken with the LORD.

NASB ©

It came about when Moses was coming down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the testimony were in Moses’ hand as he was coming down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone because of his speaking with Him.

NLT ©

When Moses came down the mountain carrying the stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant, he wasn’t aware that his face glowed because he had spoken to the LORD face to face.

MSG ©

When Moses came down from Mount Sinai carrying the two Tablets of The Testimony, he didn't know that the skin of his face glowed because he had been speaking with GOD.

BBE ©

Now when Moses came down from Mount Sinai, with the two stones in his hand, he was not conscious that his face was shining because of his talk with God.

NRSV ©

Moses came down from Mount Sinai. As he came down from the mountain with the two tablets of the covenant in his hand, Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone because he had been talking with God.

NKJV ©

Now it was so, when Moses came down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the Testimony were in Moses’ hand when he came down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him.


KJV
And it came to pass, when Moses
<04872>
came down
<03381> (8800)
from mount
<02022>
Sinai
<05514>
with the two
<08147>
tables
<03871>
of testimony
<05715>
in Moses
<04872>_'
hand
<03027>_,
when he came down
<03381> (8800)
from the mount
<02022>_,
that Moses
<04872>
wist
<03045> (8804)
not that the skin
<05785>
of his face
<06440>
shone
<07160> (8804)
while he talked
<01696> (8763)
with him.
NASB ©
It came
<01961>
about when Moses
<04872>
was coming
<03381>
down
<03381>
from Mount
<02022>
Sinai
<05514>
(and the two
<08147>
tablets
<03871>
of the testimony
<05715>
were in Moses'
<04872>
hand
<03027>
as he was coming
<03381>
down
<03381>
from the mountain
<02022>
), that Moses
<04872>
did not know
<03045>
that the skin
<05785>
of his face
<06440>
shone
<07160>
because of his speaking
<01696>
with Him.
HEBREW
wta
<0854>
wrbdb
<01696>
wynp
<06440>
rwe
<05785>
Nrq
<07160>
yk
<03588>
edy
<03045>
al
<03808>
hsmw
<04872>
rhh
<02022>
Nm
<04480>
wtdrb
<03381>
hsm
<04872>
dyb
<03027>
tdeh
<05715>
txl
<03871>
ynsw
<08147>
ynyo
<05514>
rhm
<02022>
hsm
<04872>
tdrb
<03381>
yhyw (34:29)
<01961>
LXXM
wv
<3739
CONJ
de
<1161
PRT
katebainen
<2597
V-IAI-3S
mwushv {N-NSM} ek
<1537
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSN
orouv
<3735
N-GSN
kai
<2532
CONJ
ai
<3588
T-NPF
duo
<1417
N-NUI
plakev
<4109
N-NPF
epi
<1909
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPF
ceirwn
<5495
N-GPF
mwush {N-GSM} katabainontov
<2597
V-PAPGS
de
<1161
PRT
autou
<846
D-GSM
ek
<1537
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSN
orouv
<3735
N-GSN
mwushv {N-NSM} ouk
<3364
ADV
hdei {V-YAI-3S} oti
<3754
CONJ
dedoxastai
<1392
V-RMI-3S
h
<3588
T-NSF
oqiv
<3799
N-NSF
tou
<3588
T-GSN
crwmatov {N-GSN} tou
<3588
T-GSN
proswpou
<4383
N-GSN
autou
<846
D-GSM
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSN
lalein
<2980
V-PAN
auton
<846
D-ASM
autw
<846
D-DSM
NET © [draft] ITL
Now when
<01961>
Moses
<04872>
came down
<03381>
from Mount
<02022>
Sinai
<05514>
with the two
<08147>
tablets
<03871>
of the testimony
<05715>
in his
<04872>
hand
<03027>
– when he came down
<03381>
from
<04480>
the mountain
<02022>
, Moses
<04872>
did not
<03808>
know
<03045>
that
<03588>
the skin
<05785>
of his face
<06440>
shone
<07160>
while he talked
<01696>
with
<0854>
him.
NET ©

1 Now when Moses came down 2  from Mount Sinai with 3  the two tablets of the testimony in his hand 4  – when he came down 5  from the mountain, Moses 6  did not know that the skin of his face shone 7  while he talked with him.

NET © Notes

sn Now, at the culmination of the renewing of the covenant, comes the account of Moses’ shining face. It is important to read this in its context first, holding off on the connection to Paul’s discussion in 2 Corinthians. There is a delicate balance here in Exodus. On the one hand Moses’ shining face served to authenticate the message, but on the other hand Moses prevented the people from seeing more than they could handle. The subject matter in the OT, then, is how to authenticate the message. The section again can be subdivided into three points that develop the whole idea: I. The one who spends time with God reflects his glory (29-30). It will not always be as Moses; rather, the glory of the Lord is reflected differently today, but nonetheless reflected. II. The glory of Yahweh authenticates the message (31-32). III. The authentication of the message must be used cautiously with the weak and immature (33-35).

tn The temporal clause is composed of the temporal indicator (“and it happened”), followed by the temporal preposition, infinitive construct, and subjective genitive (“Moses”).

tn The second clause begins with “and/now”; it is a circumstantial clause explaining that the tablets were in his hand. It repeats the temporal clause at the end.

tn Heb “in the hand of Moses.”

tn The temporal clause parallels the first temporal clause; it uses the same infinitive construct, but now with a suffix referring to Moses.

tn Heb “and Moses.”

tn The word קָרַן (qaran) is derived from the noun קֶרֶן (qeren) in the sense of a “ray of light” (see Hab 3:4). Something of the divine glory remained with Moses. The Greek translation of Aquila and the Latin Vulgate convey the idea that he had horns, the primary meaning of the word from which this word is derived. Some have tried to defend this, saying that the glory appeared like horns or that Moses covered his face with a mask adorned with horns. But in the text the subject of the verb is the skin of Moses’ face (see U. Cassuto, Exodus, 449).



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