Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 31:17

Context
NET ©

It is a sign between me and the Israelites forever; for in six days 1  the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.’” 2 

NIV ©

It will be a sign between me and the Israelites for ever, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he abstained from work and rested.’"

NASB ©

"It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed."

NLT ©

It is a permanent sign of my covenant with them. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, but he rested on the seventh day and was refreshed."

MSG ©

It's a fixed sign between me and the Israelites. Yes, because in six days GOD made the Heavens and the Earth and on the seventh day he stopped and took a long, deep breath.'"

BBE ©

It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever; because in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he took his rest and had pleasure in it.

NRSV ©

It is a sign forever between me and the people of Israel that in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed."

NKJV ©

β€˜It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’"


KJV
It [is] a sign
<0226>
between me and the children
<01121>
of Israel
<03478>
for ever
<05769>_:
for [in] six
<08337>
days
<03117>
the LORD
<03068>
made
<06213> (8804)
heaven
<08064>
and earth
<0776>_,
and on the seventh
<07637>
day
<03117>
he rested
<07673> (8804)_,
and was refreshed
<05314> (8735)_.
NASB ©
"It is a sign
<0226>
between
<0996>
Me and the sons
<01121>
of Israel
<03478>
forever
<05769>
; for in six
<08337>
days
<03117>
the LORD
<03068>
made
<06213>
heaven
<08064>
and earth
<0776>
, but on the seventh
<07637>
day
<03117>
He ceased
<07673>
from labor, and was refreshed
<05314>
."
HEBREW
o
spnyw
<05314>
tbs
<07673>
yeybsh
<07637>
Mwybw
<03117>
Urah
<0776>
taw
<0853>
Mymsh
<08064>
ta
<0853>
hwhy
<03068>
hve
<06213>
Mymy
<03117>
tss
<08337>
yk
<03588>
Mlel
<05769>
awh
<01931>
twa
<0226>
larvy
<03478>
ynb
<01121>
Nybw
<0996>
ynyb (31:17)
<0996>
LXXM
en
<1722
PREP
emoi
<1473
P-DS
kai
<2532
CONJ
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
uioiv
<5207
N-DPM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
shmeion
<4592
N-NSN
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
aiwnion
<166
A-NSN
oti
<3754
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
ex
<1803
N-NUI
hmeraiv
<2250
N-DPF
epoihsen
<4160
V-AAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
ton
<3588
T-ASM
ouranon
<3772
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
thn
<3588
T-ASF
ghn
<1065
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
th
<3588
T-DSF
hmera
<2250
N-DSF
th
<3588
T-DSF
ebdomh
<1442
A-DSF
epausato
<3973
V-AMI-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
katepausen
<2664
V-AAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
It is
<01931>
a sign
<0226>
between
<0996>
me and the Israelites
<03478>
forever
<05769>
; for
<03588>
in six
<08337>
days
<03117>
the Lord
<03068>
made
<06213>
the
<0853>
heavens
<08064>
and the
<0853>
earth
<0776>
, and on
<03117>
the seventh
<07637>
day
<03117>
he rested
<07673>
and was refreshed
<05314>
.’”
NET ©

It is a sign between me and the Israelites forever; for in six days 1  the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.’” 2 

NET © Notes

tn The expression again forms an adverbial accusative of time.

sn The word “rest” essentially means “to cease, stop.” So describing God as “resting” on the seventh day does not indicate that he was tired – he simply finished creation and then ceased or stopped. But in this verse is a very bold anthropomorphism in the form of the verb וַיִּנָּפַשׁ (vayyinnafash), a Niphal preterite from the root נָפַשׁ (nafash), the word that is related to “life, soul” or more specifically “breath, throat.” The verb is usually translated here as “he was refreshed,” offering a very human picture. It could also be rendered “he took breath” (S. R. Driver, Exodus, 345). Elsewhere the verb is used of people and animals. The anthropomorphism is clearly intended to teach people to stop and refresh themselves physically, spiritually, and emotionally on this day of rest.



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