Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 2:10

Context
NET ©

When the child grew older 1  she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. 2  She named him Moses, saying, “Because I drew him from the water.” 3 

NIV ©

When the child grew older, she took him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son. She named him Moses, saying, "I drew him out of the water."

NASB ©

The child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son. And she named him Moses, and said, "Because I drew him out of the water."

NLT ©

Later, when he was older, the child’s mother brought him back to the princess, who adopted him as her son. The princess named him Moses, for she said, "I drew him out of the water."

MSG ©

After the child was weaned, she presented him to Pharaoh's daughter who adopted him as her son. She named him Moses (Pulled-Out), saying, "I pulled him out of the water."

BBE ©

And when the child was older, she took him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he became her son, and she gave him the name Moses, Because, she said, I took him out of the water.

NRSV ©

When the child grew up, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and she took him as her son. She named him Moses, "because," she said, "I drew him out of the water."

NKJV ©

And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. So she called his name Moses, saying, "Because I drew him out of the water."


KJV
And the child
<03206>
grew
<01431> (8799)_,
and she brought
<0935> (8686)
him unto Pharaoh's
<06547>
daughter
<01323>_,
and he became her son
<01121>_.
And she called
<07121> (8799)
his name
<08034>
Moses
<04872>_:
and she said
<0559> (8799)_,
Because I drew
<04871> (8804)
him out of the water
<04325>_.
{Moses: that is, Drawn out}
NASB ©
The child
<03206>
grew
<01431>
, and she brought
<0935>
him to Pharaoh's
<06547>
daughter
<01323>
and he became
<01961>
her son
<01121>
. And she named
<07121>
<8034> him Moses
<04872>
, and said
<0559>
, "Because
<03588>
I drew
<04871>
him out of the water
<04325>
."
HEBREW
whtysm
<04871>
Mymh
<04325>
Nm
<04480>
yk
<03588>
rmatw
<0559>
hsm
<04872>
wms
<08034>
arqtw
<07121>
Nbl
<01121>
hl
<0>
yhyw
<01961>
herp
<06547>
tbl
<01323>
whabtw
<0935>
dlyh
<03206>
ldgyw (2:10)
<01431>
LXXM
adrunyentov {V-APPGS} de
<1161
PRT
tou
<3588
T-GSN
paidiou
<3813
N-GSN
eishgagen
<1521
V-AAI-3S
auto
<846
D-ASN
prov
<4314
PREP
thn
<3588
T-ASF
yugatera
<2364
N-ASF
faraw
<5328
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
egenhyh
<1096
V-API-3S
auth
<846
D-DSF
eiv
<1519
PREP
uion
<5207
N-ASM
epwnomasen {V-AAI-3S} de
<1161
PRT
to
<3588
T-ASN
onoma
<3686
N-ASN
autou
<846
D-GSM
mwushn {N-ASM} legousa
<3004
V-PAPNS
ek
<1537
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSN
udatov
<5204
N-GSN
auton
<846
D-ASM
aneilomhn
<337
V-AMI-1S
NET © [draft] ITL
When the child
<03206>
grew
<01431>
older she brought
<0935>
him to Pharaoh’s
<06547>
daughter
<01323>
, and he became
<01961>
her son
<01121>
. She named
<08034>
him Moses
<04872>
, saying
<0559>
, “Because
<03588>
I drew
<04871>
him from
<04480>
the water
<04325>
.”
NET ©

When the child grew older 1  she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. 2  She named him Moses, saying, “Because I drew him from the water.” 3 

NET © Notes

tn The verb is the preterite of גָּדַל (gadal), and so might be rendered “and he became great.” But the context suggests that it refers to when he was weaned and before he was named, perhaps indicating he was three or four years old (see Gen 21:8).

tn The idiomatic expression literally reads: “and he was to her for a son.” In this there are two prepositions lamed. The first expresses possession: “he was to her” means “she had.” The second is part of the usage of the verb: הָיָה (haya) with the lamed (ל) preposition means “to become.”

sn The naming provides the climax and summary of the story. The name of “Moses” (מֹשֶׁה, mosheh) is explained by “I have drawn him (מְשִׁיתִהוּ, mÿshitihu) from the water.” It appears that the name is etymologically connected to the verb in the saying, which is from מָשָׁה (mashah, “to draw out”). But commentators have found it a little difficult that the explanation of the name by the daughter of Pharaoh is in Hebrew when the whole background is Egyptian (U. Cassuto, Exodus, 20). Moreover, the Hebrew spelling of the name is the form of the active participle (“the one who draws out”); to be a precise description it should have been spelled מָשׁוּי (mashuy), the passive participle (“the one drawn out”). The etymology is not precise; rather, it is a wordplay (called paronomasia). Either the narrator merely attributed words to her (which is unlikely outside of fiction), or the Hebrew account simply translated what she had said into Hebrew, finding a Hebrew verb with the same sounds as the name. Such wordplays on names (also popular etymology) are common in the Bible. Most agree that the name is an Egyptian name. Josephus attempted to connect the biblical etymology with the name in Greek, Mouses, stating that Mo is Egyptian for water, and uses means those rescued from it (Ant. 2.9.6 [2.228]; see also J. Gwyn Griffiths, “The Egyptian Derivation of the Name Moses,” JNES 12 [1953]: 225). But the solution to the name is not to be derived from the Greek rendering. Due to the estimation Egyptians had of the Nile, the princess would have thought of the child from the river as a supernatural provision. The Egyptian hieroglyphic ms can be the noun “child” or the perfective verb “be born.” This was often connected with divine elements for names: Ptah-mose, “Ptah is born.” Also the name Rameses (R-m-sw) means “[the god] Re’ is he who has born him.” If the name Moses is Egyptian, there are some philological difficulties (see the above article for their treatment). The significance of all this is that when the child was named by the princess, an Egyptian word related to ms was used, meaning something like “child” or “born.” The name might have even been longer, perhaps having a theophoric element (divine name) with it – “child of [some god].” The name’s motivation came from the fact that she drew him from the Nile, the source of life in Egypt. But the sound of the name recalled for the Hebrews the verb “to draw out” in their own language. Translating the words of the princess into Hebrew allowed for the effective wordplay to capture the significance of the story in the sound of the name. The implication for the Israelites is something to this effect: “You called him ‘born one’ in your language and after your custom, but in our language that name means ‘drawing out’ – which is what was to become of him. You drew him out of the water, but he would draw us out of Egypt through the water.” So the circumstances of the story show Moses to be a man of destiny, and this naming episode summarizes how divine providence was at work in Israel. To the Israelites the name forever commemorated the portent of this event in the early life of the great deliverer (see Isa 63:11).



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