Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 18:1

Context
NET ©

1 Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard about all that God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, that 2  the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. 3 

NIV ©

Now Jethro, the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses, heard of everything God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, and how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

NASB ©

Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

NLT ©

Word soon reached Jethro, the priest of Midian and Moses’ father–in–law, about all the wonderful things God had done for Moses and his people, the Israelites. He had heard about how the LORD had brought them safely out of Egypt.

MSG ©

Jethro, priest of Midian and father-in-law to Moses, heard the report of all that God had done for Moses and Israel his people, the news that God had delivered Israel from Egypt.

BBE ©

Now news came to Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, of all God had done for Moses and for Israel his people, and how the Lord had taken Israel out of Egypt.

NRSV ©

Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

NKJV ©

And Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father–in–law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people––that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.


KJV
When Jethro
<03503>_,
the priest
<03548>
of Midian
<04080>_,
Moses
<04872>_'
father in law
<02859> (8802)_,
heard
<08085> (8799)
of all that God
<0430>
had done
<06213> (8804)
for Moses
<04872>_,
and for Israel
<03478>
his people
<05971>_,
[and] that the LORD
<03068>
had brought
<03318> (8689)
Israel
<03478>
out of Egypt
<04714>_;
NASB ©
Now Jethro
<03503>
, the priest
<03548>
of Midian
<04080>
, Moses'
<04872>
father-in-law
<02860>
, heard
<08085>
of all
<03605>
that God
<0430>
had done
<06213>
for Moses
<04872>
and for Israel
<03478>
His people
<05971>
, how
<03588>
the LORD
<03068>
had brought
<03318>
Israel
<03478>
out of Egypt
<04714>
.
HEBREW
Myrumm
<04714>
larvy
<03478>
ta
<0853>
hwhy
<03068>
ayuwh
<03318>
yk
<03588>
wme
<05971>
larvylw
<03478>
hsml
<04872>
Myhla
<0430>
hve
<06213>
rsa
<0834>
lk
<03605>
ta
<0853>
hsm
<04872>
Ntx
<02859>
Nydm
<04080>
Nhk
<03548>
wrty
<03503>
emsyw (18:1)
<08085>
LXXM
hkousen
<191
V-AAI-3S
de
<1161
PRT
ioyor {N-PRI} o
<3588
T-NSM
iereuv
<2409
N-NSM
madiam {N-PRI} o
<3588
T-NSM
gambrov {N-NSM} mwush {N-GSM} panta
<3956
A-APN
osa
<3745
A-APN
epoihsen
<4160
V-AAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
tw
<3588
T-DSM
eautou
<1438
D-GSM
law
<2992
N-DSM
exhgagen
<1806
V-AAI-3S
gar
<1063
PRT
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
ton
<3588
T-ASM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
ex
<1537
PREP
aiguptou
<125
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Jethro
<03503>
, the priest
<03548>
of Midian
<04080>
, Moses
<04872>
’ father-in-law
<02859>
, heard
<08085>
about all
<03605>
that
<0834>
God
<0430>
had
<0834>
done
<06213>
for Moses
<04872>
and for his people
<05971>
Israel
<03478>
, that
<03588>
the Lord
<03068>
had brought
<03318>
Israel
<03478>
out of Egypt
<04714>
.
NET ©

1 Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard about all that God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, that 2  the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. 3 

NET © Notes

sn This chapter forms the transition to the Law. There has been the deliverance, the testing passages, the provision in the wilderness, and the warfare. Any God who can do all this for his people deserves their allegiance. In chap. 18 the Lawgiver is giving advice, using laws and rulings, but then he is given advice to organize the elders to assist. Thus, when the Law is fully revealed, a system will be in place to administer it. The point of the passage is that a great leader humbly accepts advice from other godly believers to delegate responsibility. He does not try to do it all himself; God does not want one individual to do it all. The chapter has three parts: vv. 1-12 tell how Jethro heard and came and worshiped and blessed; vv. 13-23 have the advice of Jethro, and then vv. 24-27 tell how Moses implemented the plan and Jethro went home. See further E. J. Runions, “Exodus Motifs in 1 Samuel 7 and 8,” EvQ 52 (1980): 130-31; and also see for another idea T. C. Butler, “An Anti-Moses Tradition,” JSOT 12 (1979): 9-15.

tn This clause beginning with כִּי (ki) answers the question of what Jethro had heard; it provides a second, explanatory noun clause that is the object of the verb – “he heard (1) all that God had done… (2) that he had brought….” See R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 81, §490.

sn This is an important report that Jethro has heard, for the claim of God that he brought Israel out of bondage in Egypt will be the foundation of the covenant stipulations (Exod 20).



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