Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 12:29

Context
NET ©

1 It happened 2  at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle.

NIV ©

At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.

NASB ©

Now it came about at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of cattle.

NLT ©

And at midnight the LORD killed all the firstborn sons in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn son of the captive in the dungeon. Even the firstborn of their livestock were killed.

MSG ©

At midnight GOD struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sits on his throne, right down to the firstborn of the prisoner locked up in jail. Also the firstborn of the animals.

BBE ©

And in the middle of the night the Lord sent death on every first male child in the land of Egypt, from the child of Pharaoh on his seat of power to the child of the prisoner in the prison; and the first births of all the cattle.

NRSV ©

At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the prisoner who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock.

NKJV ©

And it came to pass at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock.


KJV
And it came to pass, that at midnight
<02677> <03915>
the LORD
<03068>
smote
<05221> (8689)
all the firstborn
<01060>
in the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>_,
from the firstborn
<01060>
of Pharaoh
<06547>
that sat
<03427> (8802)
on his throne
<03678>
unto the firstborn
<01060>
of the captive
<07628>
that [was] in the dungeon
<01004> <0953>_;
and all the firstborn
<01060>
of cattle
<0929>_.
{dungeon: Heb. house of the pit}
NASB ©
Now it came
<01961>
about at midnight
<02677>
<3915> that the LORD
<03068>
struck
<05221>
all
<03605>
the firstborn
<01060>
in the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>
, from the firstborn
<01060>
of Pharaoh
<06547>
who sat
<03427>
on his throne
<03678>
to the firstborn
<01060>
of the captive
<07628>
who
<0834>
was in the dungeon
<01004>
<953>, and all
<03605>
the firstborn
<01060>
of cattle
<0929>
.
HEBREW
hmhb
<0929>
rwkb
<01060>
lkw
<03605>
rwbh
<0953>
tybb
<01004>
rsa
<0834>
ybsh
<07628>
rwkb
<01060>
de
<05704>
waok
<03678>
le
<05921>
bsyh
<03427>
herp
<06547>
rkbm
<01060>
Myrum
<04714>
Urab
<0776>
rwkb
<01060>
lk
<03605>
hkh
<05221>
hwhyw
<03068>
hlylh
<03915>
yuxb
<02677>
yhyw (12:29)
<01961>
LXXM
egenhyh
<1096
V-API-3S
de
<1161
PRT
mesoushv
<3322
V-PAPGS
thv
<3588
T-GSF
nuktov
<3571
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
epataxen
<3960
V-AAI-3S
pan
<3956
A-ASN
prwtotokon
<4416
A-ASN
en
<1722
PREP
gh
<1065
N-DSF
aiguptw
<125
N-DSF
apo
<575
PREP
prwtotokou
<4416
A-GSN
faraw
<5328
N-PRI
tou
<3588
T-GSM
kayhmenou
<2521
V-PMPGS
epi
<1909
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSM
yronou
<2362
N-GSM
ewv
<2193
PREP
prwtotokou
<4416
A-GSN
thv
<3588
T-GSF
aicmalwtidov {N-GSF} thv
<3588
T-GSF
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSM
lakkw {N-DSM} kai
<2532
CONJ
ewv
<2193
PREP
prwtotokou
<4416
A-GSN
pantov
<3956
A-GSN
kthnouv
<2934
N-GSN
NET © [draft] ITL
It happened
<01961>
at midnight
<03915>
– the Lord
<03068>
attacked
<05221>
all
<03605>
the firstborn
<01060>
in the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>
, from the firstborn
<01060>
of Pharaoh
<06547>
who sat
<03427>
on
<05921>
his throne
<03678>
to
<05704>
the firstborn
<01060>
of the captive
<07628>
who
<0834>
was in the prison
<0953>
, and all
<03605>
the firstborn
<01060>
of the cattle
<0929>
.
NET ©

1 It happened 2  at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle.

NET © Notes

sn The next section records the deliverance of Israel from Egypt, and so becomes the turning point of the book. Verses 28 and 29 could be included in the exposition of the previous section as the culmination of that part. The message might highlight God’s requirement for deliverance from bondage through the application of the blood of the sacrifice, God’s instruction for the memorial of deliverance through the purging of corruption, and the compliance of those who believed the message. But these verses also form the beginning of this next section (and so could be used transitionally). This unit includes the judgment on Egypt (29-30), the exodus from Egypt (31-39) and the historical summation and report (40-42).

tn The verse begins with the temporal indicator וַיְהִי (vayÿhi), often translated “and it came to pass.” Here it could be left untranslated: “In the middle of the night Yahweh attacked.” The word order of the next and main clause furthers the emphasis by means of the vav disjunctive on the divine name preceding the verb. The combination of these initial and disjunctive elements helps to convey the suddenness of the attack, while its thoroughness is stressed by the repetition of “firstborn” in the rest of the verse, the merism (“from the firstborn of Pharaoh…to the firstborn of the captive”), and the mention of cattle.



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