Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Esther 1:3

Context
NET ©

in the third 1  year of his reign he provided a banquet for all his officials and his servants. The army 2  of Persia and Media 3  was present, 4  as well as the nobles and the officials of the provinces.

NIV ©

and in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his nobles and officials. The military leaders of Persia and Media, the princes, and the nobles of the provinces were present.

NASB ©

in the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his princes and attendants, the army officers of Persia and Media, the nobles and the princes of his provinces being in his presence.

NLT ©

In the third year of his reign, he gave a banquet for all his princes and officials. He invited all the military officers of Media and Persia, as well as the noblemen and provincial officials.

MSG ©

In the third year of his reign he gave a banquet for all his officials and ministers. The military brass of Persia and Media were also there, along with the princes and governors of the provinces.

BBE ©

In the third year of his rule he gave a feast to all his captains and his servants; and the captains of the army of Persia and Media, the great men and the rulers of the divisions of his kingdom, were present before him;

NRSV ©

in the third year of his reign, he gave a banquet for all his officials and ministers. The army of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinces were present,

NKJV ©

that in the third year of his reign he made a feast for all his officials and servants––the powers of Persia and Media, the nobles, and the princes of the provinces being before him––


KJV
In the third
<07969>
year
<08141>
of his reign
<04427> (8800)_,
he made
<06213> (8804)
a feast
<04960>
unto all his princes
<08269>
and his servants
<05650>_;
the power
<02428>
of Persia
<06539>
and Media
<04074>_,
the nobles
<06579>
and princes
<08269>
of the provinces
<04082>_,
[being] before
<06440>
him:
NASB ©
in the third
<07969>
year
<08141>
of his reign
<04427>
he gave
<06213>
a banquet
<04960>
for all
<03605>
his princes
<08269>
and attendants
<05650>
, the army
<02428>
officers of Persia
<06539>
and Media
<04074>
, the nobles
<06579>
and the princes
<08269>
of his provinces
<04082>
being in his presence
<06440>
.
HEBREW
wynpl
<06440>
twnydmh
<04082>
yrvw
<08269>
Mymtrph
<06579>
ydmw
<04074>
orp
<06539>
lyx
<02426>
wydbew
<05650>
wyrv
<08269>
lkl
<03605>
htsm
<04960>
hve
<06213>
wklml
<04427>
swls
<07969>
tnsb (1:3)
<08141>
LXXM
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSN
tritw
<5154
A-DSN
etei
<2094
N-DSN
basileuontov
<936
V-PAPGS
autou
<846
D-GSM
dochn
<1403
N-ASF
epoihsen
<4160
V-AAI-3S
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
filoiv
<5384
A-DPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
toiv
<3588
T-DPN
loipoiv {A-DPN} eynesin
<1484
N-DPN
kai
<2532
CONJ
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
perswn {N-GPM} kai
<2532
CONJ
mhdwn {N-GPM} endoxoiv
<1741
A-DPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
arcousin
<758
N-DPM
twn
<3588
T-GPM
satrapwn {N-GPM}
NET © [draft] ITL
in the third
<07969>
year
<08141>
of his reign
<04427>
he provided
<06213>
a banquet
<04960>
for all
<03605>
his officials
<08269>
and his servants
<05650>
. The army
<02426>
of Persia
<06539>
and Media
<04074>
was present, as well as the nobles
<06579>
and the officials
<08269>
of the provinces
<04082>
.
NET ©

in the third 1  year of his reign he provided a banquet for all his officials and his servants. The army 2  of Persia and Media 3  was present, 4  as well as the nobles and the officials of the provinces.

NET © Notes

sn The third year of Xerxes’ reign would be ca. 483 b.c.

tc Due to the large numbers of people implied, some scholars suggest that the original text may have read “leaders of the army” (cf. NAB “Persian and Median aristocracy”; NASB “the army officers”; NIV “the military leaders”). However, there is no textual evidence for this emendation, and the large numbers are not necessarily improbable.

sn Unlike the Book of Daniel, the usual order for this expression in Esther is “Persia and Media” (cf. vv. 14, 18, 19). In Daniel the order is “Media and Persia,” indicating a time in their history when Media was in the ascendancy.

sn The size of the banquet described here, the number of its invited guests, and the length of its duration, although certainly immense by any standard, are not without precedent in the ancient world. C. A. Moore documents a Persian banquet for 15,000 people and an Assyrian celebration with 69,574 guests (Esther [AB], 6).



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