Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 5:6

Context
NET ©

Do not let your mouth cause you 1  to sin, and do not tell the priest, 2  “It was a mistake!” 3  Why make God angry at you 4  so that he would destroy the work of your hands?”

NIV ©

Do not let your mouth lead you into sin. And do not protest to the temple messenger, "My vow was a mistake." Why should God be angry at what you say and destroy the work of your hands?

NASB ©

Do not let your speech cause you to sin and do not say in the presence of the messenger of God that it was a mistake. Why should God be angry on account of your voice and destroy the work of your hands?

NLT ©

In such cases, your mouth is making you sin. And don’t defend yourself by telling the Temple messenger that the promise you made was a mistake. That would make God angry, and he might wipe out everything you have achieved.

MSG ©

Don't let your mouth make a total sinner of you. When called to account, you won't get by with "Sorry, I didn't mean it." Why risk provoking God to angry retaliation?

BBE ©

Let not your mouth make your flesh do evil. And say not before the angel, It was an error. So that God may not be angry with your words and put an end to the work of your hands.

NRSV ©

Do not let your mouth lead you into sin, and do not say before the messenger that it was a mistake; why should God be angry at your words, and destroy the work of your hands?

NKJV ©

Do not let your mouth cause your flesh to sin, nor say before the messenger of God that it was an error. Why should God be angry at your excuse and destroy the work of your hands?


KJV
Suffer
<05414> (8799)
not thy mouth
<06310>
to cause thy flesh
<01320>
to sin
<02398> (8687)_;
neither say
<0559> (8799)
thou before
<06440>
the angel
<04397>_,
that it [was] an error
<07684>_:
wherefore should God
<0430>
be angry
<07107> (8799)
at thy voice
<06963>_,
and destroy
<02254> (8765)
the work
<04639>
of thine hands
<03027>_?
NASB ©
Do not let
<05414>
your speech
<06310>
cause you to sin
<02398>
and do not say
<0559>
in the presence
<06440>
of the messenger
<04397>
of God that it was a mistake
<07684>
. Why
<04100>
should God
<0430>
be angry
<07107>
on account
<05921>
of your voice
<06963>
and destroy
<02254>
the work
<04639>
of your hands
<03027>
?
HEBREW
Kydy
<03027>
hvem
<04639>
ta
<0853>
lbxw
<02254>
Klwq
<06963>
le
<05921>
Myhlah
<0430>
Puqy
<07107>
hml
<04100>
ayh
<01931>
hggs
<07684>
yk
<03588>
Kalmh
<04397>
ynpl
<06440>
rmat
<0559>
law
<0408>
Krvb
<01320>
ta
<0853>
ayjxl
<02398>
Kyp
<06310>
ta
<0853>
Ntt
<05414>
la
<0408>
(5:6)
<5:5>
LXXM
(5:5) mh
<3165
ADV
dwv
<1325
V-AAS-2S
to
<3588
T-ASN
stoma
<4750
N-ASN
sou
<4771
P-GS
tou
<3588
T-GSN
examarthsai {V-AAN} thn
<3588
T-ASF
sarka
<4561
N-ASF
sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
mh
<3165
ADV
eiphv {V-AAS-2S} pro
<4253
PREP
proswpou
<4383
N-GSN
tou
<3588
T-GSM
yeou
<2316
N-GSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
agnoia
<52
N-NSF
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
ina
<2443
CONJ
mh
<3165
ADV
orgisyh
<3710
V-APS-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
epi
<1909
PREP
fwnh
<5456
N-DSF
sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
diafyeirh
<1311
V-PAS-3S
ta
<3588
T-APN
poihmata
<4161
N-APN
ceirwn
<5495
N-GPF
sou
<4771
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
Do not
<0408>
let
<05414>
your mouth
<06310>
cause you to sin
<02398>
, and do not
<0408>
tell
<0559>
the priest, “It was a mistake
<07684>
!” Why
<04100>
make God
<0430>
angry
<07107>
at you so that he would destroy
<02254>
the
<0853>
work
<04639>
of your hands
<03027>
?”
NET ©

Do not let your mouth cause you 1  to sin, and do not tell the priest, 2  “It was a mistake!” 3  Why make God angry at you 4  so that he would destroy the work of your hands?”

NET © Notes

tn Heb “your flesh.” The term בָּשָׂר (basar, “flesh”) is a synecdoche of part (i.e., flesh) for the whole (i.e., whole person), e.g., Gen 2:21; 6:12; Ps 56:4[5]; 65:2[3]; 145:21; Isa 40:5, 6; see HALOT 164 s.v. בָּשָׂר; E. W. Bullinger, Figures of Speech, 642.

tc The MT reads הַמַּלְאָךְ (hammalakh, “messenger”), while the LXX reads τοῦ θεοῦ (tou qeou, “God”) which reflects an alternate textual tradition of הָאֱלֹהִים (haelohim, “God”). The textual problem was caused by orthographic confusion between similarly spelled words. The LXX might have been trying to make sense of a difficult expression. The MT is preferred as the original. All the major translations follow the MT except for Moffatt (“God”).

tn Heb “the messenger.” The term מַלְאָךְ (malakh, “messenger”) refers to a temple priest (e.g., Mal 2:7; cf. HALOT 585 s.v. מַלְאָךְ 2.b; BDB 521 s.v. מַלְאָךְ 1.c). The priests recorded what Israelite worshipers vowed (Lev 27:14-15). When an Israelite delayed in fulfilling a vow, a priest would remind him to pay what he had vowed. Although the traditional rabbinic view is that Qoheleth refers to an angelic superintendent over the temple, Rashi suggested that it is a temple-official. Translations reflect both views: “his representative” (NAB), “the temple messenger” (NIV), “the messenger” (RSV, NRSV, NASB, MLB, NJPS), “the angel” (KJV, ASV, Douay) and “the angel of God” (NEB).

tn The Hebrew noun שְׁגָגָה (shÿgagah) denotes “error; mistake” and refers to a sin of inadvertence or unintentional sin (e.g., Lev 4:2, 22, 27; 5:18; 22:14; Num 15:24-29; 35:11, 15; Josh 20:3, 9; Eccl 5:5; 10:5); see HALOT 1412 s.v. שְׁגָגָה; BDB 993 s.v. שְׁגָגָה. In this case, it refers to a rash vow thoughtlessly made, which the foolish worshiper claims was a mistake (e.g., Prov 20:25).

tn Heb “at your voice.” This is an example of metonymy (i.e., your voice) of association (i.e., you).



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