Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Acts 8:27

Context
NET ©

So 1  he got up 2  and went. There 3  he met 4  an Ethiopian eunuch, 5  a court official of Candace, 6  queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasury. He 7  had come to Jerusalem to worship, 8 

NIV ©

So he started out, and on his way he met an Ethiopian eunuch, an important official in charge of all the treasury of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians. This man had gone to Jerusalem to worship,

NASB ©

So he got up and went; and there was an Ethiopian eunuch, a court official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasure; and he had come to Jerusalem to worship,

NLT ©

So he did, and he met the treasurer of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under the queen of Ethiopia. The eunuch had gone to Jerusalem to worship,

MSG ©

He got up and went. He met an Ethiopian eunuch coming down the road. The eunuch had been on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and was returning to Ethiopia, where he was minister in charge of all the finances of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians.

BBE ©

And he went and there was a man of Ethiopia, a servant of great authority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, and controller of all her property, who had come up to Jerusalem for worship;

NRSV ©

So he got up and went. Now there was an Ethiopian eunuch, a court official of the Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, in charge of her entire treasury. He had come to Jerusalem to worship

NKJV ©

So he arose and went. And behold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace the queen of the Ethiopians, who had charge of all her treasury, and had come to Jerusalem to worship,


KJV
And
<2532>
he arose
<450> (5631)
and went
<4198> (5675)_:
and
<2532>_,
behold
<2400> (5628)_,
a man
<435>
of Ethiopia
<128>_,
an eunuch
<2135>
of great authority
<1413>
under Candace
<2582>
queen
<938>
of the Ethiopians
<128>_,
who
<3739>
had
<2258> (5713)
the charge of
<1909>
all
<3956>
her
<846>
treasure
<1047>_,
and
<3739>
had come
<2064> (5715)
to
<1519>
Jerusalem
<2419>
for to worship
<4352> (5694)_,
NASB ©
So
<2532>
he got
<450>
up and went
<4198>
; and there was an Ethiopian
<128>
eunuch
<2135>
, a court
<1413>
official
<1413>
of Candace
<2582>
, queen
<938>
of the Ethiopians
<128>
, who
<3739>
was in charge
<1909>
of all
<3956>
her treasure
<1047>
; and he had come
<2064>
to Jerusalem
<2419>
to worship
<4352>
,
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
anastav
<450> (5631)
V-2AAP-NSM
eporeuyh
<4198> (5675)
V-AOI-3S
kai
<2532>
CONJ
idou
<2400> (5628)
V-2AAM-2S
anhr
<435>
N-NSM
aiyioq
<128>
N-NSM
eunoucov
<2135>
N-NSM
dunasthv
<1413>
N-NSM
kandakhv
<2582>
N-GSF
basilisshv
<938>
N-GSF
aiyiopwn
<128>
N-GPM
ov
<3739>
R-NSM
hn
<1510> (5713)
V-IXI-3S
epi
<1909>
PREP
pashv
<3956>
A-GSF
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
gazhv
<1047>
N-GSF
authv
<846>
P-GSF
[ov]
<3739>
R-NSM
elhluyei
<2064> (5715)
V-LAI-3S
proskunhswn
<4352> (5694)
V-FAP-NSM
eiv
<1519>
PREP
ierousalhm
<2419>
N-PRI
NET © [draft] ITL
So
<2532>
he got up
<450>
and went
<4198>
. There he met an Ethiopian
<128>
eunuch
<2135>
, a court official
<1413>
of Candace
<2582>
, queen
<938>
of
<128>
the Ethiopians
<128>
, who
<3739>
was
<1510>
in charge
<1909>
of all
<3956>
her
<846>
treasury
<1047>
. He had come
<2064>
to Jerusalem
<2419>
to worship
<4352>
,
NET ©

So 1  he got up 2  and went. There 3  he met 4  an Ethiopian eunuch, 5  a court official of Candace, 6  queen of the Ethiopians, who was in charge of all her treasury. He 7  had come to Jerusalem to worship, 8 

NET © Notes

tn Grk “And,” but καί (kai) carries something of a resultative force in this context because what follows describes Philip’s response to the angel’s command.

tn Grk “So getting up he went.” The aorist participle ἀναστάς (anastas) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

tn Grk “And there.” Because of the difference between Greek style, which often begins sentences or clauses with “and,” and English style, which generally does not, καί (kai) has not been translated here.

tn Grk “and behold.” This expression is used to portray Philip’s encounter with the Ethiopian in a vivid way. In the English translation this vividness is difficult to convey; it is necessary to supply the words “he met.”

sn The term eunuch normally referred to a man who had been castrated, but this was not always the case (see Gen 39:1 LXX, where Potiphar is called a eunuch). Such castrated individuals were preferred as court officials in the East, although Judaism opposed the practice. The Mosaic law excluded eunuchs from Israel (Deut 23:1), although God certainly accepted them (Isa 56:3-5; Wis 3:14). This individual was a high official, since he was said to be in charge of all her treasury. He may or may not have been a eunuch physically. He appears to be the first fully Gentile convert to Christianity, since the Samaritans mentioned previously (Acts 8:4-25) were regarded as half-breeds.

tn Or “the Candace” (the title of the queen of the Ethiopians). The term Κανδάκης (Kandakh") is much more likely a title rather than a proper name (like Pharaoh, which is a title); see L&N 37.77. A few, however, still take the word to be the name of the queen (L&N 93.209). BDAG 507 s.v. Κανδάκη, treats the term as a title and lists classical usage by Strabo (Geography 17.1.54) and others.

sn Candace was the title of the queen of the Ethiopians. Ethiopia refers to the kingdom of Nubia in the northern Sudan, whose capital was Meroe (not to be confused with Abyssinia, which was later called Ethiopia and converted to Christianity in the 4th century a.d.). Classical writers refer to several queens of Meroe in the 1st century b.c. and 1st century a.d. who had the title Candace (Kandake). The Candace referred to here was probably Amantitere, who ruled a.d. 25-41.

tn Grk “who was over all her treasury, who.” The two consecutive relative clauses make for awkward English style, so the second was begun as a new sentence with the pronoun “he” supplied in place of the Greek relative pronoun to make a complete sentence in English.

sn Since this man had come to Jerusalem to worship, he may have been a proselyte to Judaism. This event is a precursor to Acts 10.



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