Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Acts 2:31

Context
NET ©

David by foreseeing this 1  spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, 2  that he was neither abandoned to Hades, 3  nor did his body 4  experience 5  decay. 6 

NIV ©

Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay.

NASB ©

he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that HE WAS NEITHER ABANDONED TO HADES, NOR DID His flesh SUFFER DECAY.

NLT ©

David was looking into the future and predicting the Messiah’s resurrection. He was saying that the Messiah would not be left among the dead and that his body would not rot in the grave.

MSG ©

seeing far ahead, he talked of the resurrection of the Messiah--'no trip to Hades, no stench of death.'

BBE ©

He, having knowledge of the future, was talking of the coming again of Christ from the dead, that he was not kept in hell and his body did not see destruction.

NRSV ©

Foreseeing this, David spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, saying, ‘He was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh experience corruption.’

NKJV ©

"he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption.


KJV
He seeing this before
<4275> (5631)
spake
<2980> (5656)
of
<4012>
the resurrection
<386>
of Christ
<5547>_,
that
<3754>
his
<846>
soul
<5590>
was
<2641> (0)
not
<3756>
left
<2641> (5681)
in
<1519>
hell
<86>_,
neither
<3761>
his
<846>
flesh
<4561>
did see
<1492> (5627)
corruption
<1312>_.
NASB ©
he looked
<4275>
ahead
<4275>
and spoke
<2980>
of the resurrection
<386>
of the Christ
<5547>
, that HE WAS NEITHER
<3777>
ABANDONED
<1459>
TO HADES
<86>
, NOR
<3777>
DID His flesh
<4561>
SUFFER
<3708>
DECAY
<1312>
.
GREEK
proidwn
<4275> (5631)
V-2AAP-NSM
elalhsen
<2980> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
peri
<4012>
PREP
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
anastasewv
<386>
N-GSF
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
cristou
<5547>
N-GSM
oti
<3754>
CONJ
oute
<3777>
CONJ
egkateleifyh
<1459> (5681)
V-API-3S
eiv
<1519>
PREP
adhn
<86>
N-ASM
oute
<3777>
CONJ
h
<3588>
T-NSF
sarx
<4561>
N-NSF
autou
<846>
P-GSM
eiden
<1492> (5627)
V-2AAI-3S
diafyoran
<1312>
N-ASF
NET © [draft] ITL
David by foreseeing
<4275>
this spoke
<2980>
about
<4012>
the resurrection
<386>
of the Christ
<5547>
, that
<3754>
he was
<1459>
neither
<3777>
abandoned
<1459>
to
<1519>
Hades
<86>
, nor
<3777>
did his
<846>
body
<4561>
experience
<1492>
decay
<1312>
.
NET ©

David by foreseeing this 1  spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, 2  that he was neither abandoned to Hades, 3  nor did his body 4  experience 5  decay. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Grk “David foreseeing spoke.” The participle προϊδών (proidwn) is taken as indicating means. It could also be translated as a participle of attendant circumstance: “David foresaw [this] and spoke.” The word “this” is supplied in either case as an understood direct object (direct objects in Greek were often omitted, but must be supplied for the modern English reader).

tn Or “the Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn The term χριστός (cristos) was originally an adjective (“anointed”), developing in LXX into a substantive (“an anointed one”), then developing still further into a technical generic term (“the anointed one”). In the intertestamental period it developed further into a technical term referring to the hoped-for anointed one, that is, a specific individual. In the NT the development starts there (technical-specific), is so used in the gospels, and then develops in Paul’s letters to mean virtually Jesus’ last name.

tn Or “abandoned in the world of the dead.” The translation “world of the dead” for Hades is suggested by L&N 1.19. The phrase is an allusion to Ps 16:10.

tn Grk “flesh.” See vv. 26b-27. The reference to “body” in this verse picks up the reference to “body” in v. 26. The Greek term σάρξ (sarx) in both verses literally means “flesh”; however, the translation “body” stresses the lack of decay of his physical body. The point of the verse is not merely the lack of decay of his flesh alone, but the resurrection of his entire person, as indicated by the previous parallel line “he was not abandoned to Hades.”

tn Grk “see,” but the literal translation of the phrase “see decay” could be misunderstood to mean simply “look at decay,” while here “see decay” is really figurative for “experience decay.”

sn An allusion to Ps 16:10.



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