Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Zechariah 10:4


From him will come the cornerstone, 1  the wall peg, 2  the battle bow, and every ruler. 3 


Ge 49:24; Nu 24:17; 1Sa 14:38; Ezr 9:8; Isa 19:13; Isa 22:23-25; Isa 41:14-16; Isa 49:2; Isa 54:16; Jer 1:18; Mic 5:5-8; Zec 1:20,21; Zec 9:8,10; Zec 9:13-16; Zec 12:6-8; Mt 9:38; 2Co 10:4,5; Eph 4:8-11; Eph 6:10-17; 2Ti 2:4; Re 17:14; Re 19:13-15

NET © Notes

sn On the NT use of the image of the cornerstone, see Luke 20:17; Eph 2:20; 1 Pet 2:6.

sn The metaphor of the wall peg (Heb. יָתֵד, yated), together with the others in this list, describes the remarkable change that will take place at the inauguration of God’s eschatological kingdom. Israel, formerly sheep-like, will be turned into a mighty warhorse. The peg refers to a wall hook (although frequently translated “tent peg,” but cf. ASV “nail”; TWOT 1:419) from which tools and weapons were suspended, but figuratively also to the promise of God upon which all of Israel’s hopes were hung (cf. Isa 22:15-25; Ezra 9:8).

tn This is not the usual word to describe a king of Israel or Judah (such as מֶלֶךְ, melekh, or נָשִׂיא, nasi’), but נוֹגֵשׂ, noges, “dictator” (cf. KJV “oppressor”). The author is asserting by this choice of wording that in the messianic age God’s rule will be by force.

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