Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

The Song of Songs 8:1

Context
NET ©

The Beloved to Her Lover: Oh, how I wish you were 1  my little brother, 2  nursing at my mother’s breasts; if I saw 3  you outside, I could kiss you – surely 4  no one would despise me! 5 

NIV ©

If only you were to me like a brother, who was nursed at my mother’s breasts! Then, if I found you outside, I would kiss you, and no-one would despise me.

NASB ©

"Oh that you were like a brother to me Who nursed at my mother’s breasts. If I found you outdoors, I would kiss you; No one would despise me, either.

NLT ©

Young Woman: "Oh, if only you were my brother, who nursed at my mother’s breast. Then I could kiss you no matter who was watching, and no one would criticize me.

MSG ©

I wish you'd been my twin brother, sharing with me the breasts of my mother, Playing outside in the street, kissing in plain view of everyone, and no one thinking anything of it.

BBE ©

Oh that you were my brother, who took milk from my mother’s breasts! When I came to you in the street, I would give you kisses; yes, I would not be looked down on.

NRSV ©

O that you were like a brother to me, who nursed at my mother’s breast! If I met you outside, I would kiss you, and no one would despise me.

NKJV ©

Oh, that you were like my brother, Who nursed at my mother’s breasts! If I should find you outside, I would kiss you; I would not be despised.


KJV
O that
<05414> (8799)
thou [wert] as my brother
<0251>_,
that sucked
<03243> (8802)
the breasts
<07699>
of my mother
<0517>_!
[when] I should find
<04672> (8799)
thee without
<02351>_,
I would kiss
<05401> (8799)
thee; yea, I should not be despised
<0936> (8799)_.
{I should not...: Heb. they should not despise me}
NASB ©
"Oh
<04310>
<5414> that you were like a brother
<0251>
to me Who nursed
<03243>
at my mother's
<0517>
breasts
<07699>
. If I found
<04672>
you outdoors
<02351>
, I would kiss
<05401>
you; No
<03808>
one would despise
<0936>
me, either
<01571>
.
HEBREW
yl
<0>
wzwby
<0936>
al
<03808>
Mg
<01571>
Kqsa
<05401>
Uwxb
<02351>
Kauma
<04672>
yma
<0517>
yds
<07699>
qnwy
<03243>
yl
<0>
xak
<0251>
Knty
<05414>
ym (8:1)
<04310>
LXXM
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
dwh
<1325
V-AAO-3S
se
<4771
P-AS
adelfidon {N-ASM} mou
<1473
P-GS
yhlazonta
<2337
V-PAPAS
mastouv
<3149
N-APM
mhtrov
<3384
N-GSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
eurousa
<2147
V-AAPNS
se
<4771
P-AS
exw
<1854
ADV
filhsw
<5368
V-AAS-1S
se
<4771
P-AS
kai
<2532
CONJ
ge
<1065
PRT
ouk
<3364
ADV
exoudenwsousin
<1847
V-FAI-3P
moi
<1473
P-DS
NET © [draft] ITL
The Beloved to Her Lover: Oh, how I wish you were my little brother
<0251>
, nursing
<03243>
at my mother’s
<0517>
breasts
<07699>
; if I saw
<04672>
you outside
<02351>
, I could kiss
<05401>
you– surely no
<03808>
one would despise
<0936>
me!
NET ©

The Beloved to Her Lover: Oh, how I wish you were 1  my little brother, 2  nursing at my mother’s breasts; if I saw 3  you outside, I could kiss you – surely 4  no one would despise me! 5 

NET © Notes

tn The imperfect יִתֶּנְךָ (yittenka) may denote a desire or wish of the subject, e.g., Gen 24:58; Exod 21:36; 1 Sam 21:10 (IBHS 509 §31.4h). The optative particle מִי (mi) with an imperfect expresses an unreal wish, e.g., Judg 9:29; 2 Sam 15:4; Mal 1:10. The construction יִתֶּנְךָ מִי (mi yittenka) is an idiom expressing an unreal wish in the optative mood (HALOT 575 s.v. מִי), e.g., “Would that it were evening…Would that it were morning!” (KJV) or “If only it were evening…If only it were morning!” (NIV) (Deut 28:67); “Oh that I knew where I might find him” (KJV, NASB, NJPS), “I wish I had known,” “If only I knew where to find him; if only I could go to his dwelling!” (NIV) (Job 23:3); “I wish that all the LORD’s people were prophets!” (NIV), “Would that all the LORD’s people were prophets” (NASB) (Num 11:29). Evidently, the LXX did not understand the idiom; it rendered the line in wooden literalness: Τίς δώῃ σε ἀδελφιδόν μου (Tis dwh se adelfidon mou, “Who might give/make you as my brother?”).

tn Heb “you were to me like a brother.”

tn Heb “found” or “met.” The juxtaposition of the two imperfects without an adjoining vav forms a conditional clause denoting a real condition (GKC 493 §159.b). The first imperfect is the protasis; the second is the apodosis: “If I found you אֶמְצָאֲךָ (’emtsaaka) outside, I would kiss you (אֶשָּׁקְךָ, ’eshshaqÿkha).” The imperfects are used to express a condition and consequence which are regarded as being capable of fulfillment in the present or future time (GKC 493 §159.b). The simple juxtaposition of two verbal clauses without any grammatical indicator, such as vav or a conditional particle, is rather rare: “If you rebel (תִּמְעָלוּ, timalu), I will disperse you (אָפִיץ, ’afits) among the nations” (Neh 1:8); “If I counted them (אֶסְפְּרֵם, ’esppÿrem), they would be more numerous (יִרְבּוּן, yirbun) than the sand!” (Ps 139:18); “If a man has found a wife (מָצָא, matsa’), he has found (מָצָא) a good thing” (Prov 18:22) (Joüon 2:627 §167.a.1). On the other hand, LXX treated the imperfects as denoting future temporal sequence: εὑροῦσά σε ἒξω, φιλήσω σε (eurousa se exw, filhsw se, “I will find you outside, I will kiss you”). Ordinarily, however, vav or a temporal particle introduces a temporal clause (Joüon 2:627 §167.a; GKC 502 §164.d). The English translation tradition generally adopts the conditional nuance: “If I found you outdoors, I would kiss you” (NASB), “Then, if I found you outside, I would kiss you” (NIV). However, a few translations adopt the temporal nuance: “When I should find thee without, I would kiss thee” (KJV), “Then I could kiss you when I met you in the street” (NJPS).

tn The particle גַּם (gam, “surely”) is used with לֹא (lo’, “no one”) for emphasis: “yea, none” (HALOT 195 s.v. גַּם). Similar examples: לֹא...גָם אָחַד (lo’…gamekhad, “not even one”; 2 Sam 17:12); גַּם אֵין (gamen, “yet there is no one”; Eccl 4:8).

sn Song 8:1-2 may be classified as a “a lover’s wish song” that is similar in content and structure to an ancient Egyptian love song in which the lover longs for greater intimacy with his beloved: “I wish I were her Negro maid who follows at her feet; then the skin of all her limbs would be revealed to me. I wish I were her washerman, if only for a month; then I would be [entranced], washing out the Moringa oils in her diaphanous garments. I wish I were the seal ring, the guardian of her [fingers]; then […]” (The Cairo Love Songs, 25-27, in W. K. Simpson, ed., The Literature of Ancient Egypt, 311). The Egyptian and Hebrew parallels display a similar structure: (1) introductory expression of the lover’s wish to be something/someone in a position of physical closeness with the Beloved; (2) description of the person/thing that is physically close to the Beloved; and (3) concluding description of the resultant greater degree of intimacy with the Beloved. In the Egyptian parallel it is the man who longs for greater closeness; in the Hebrew song it is the woman. The Egyptian love song borders on the sensual; the Hebrew love song is simply romantic. The Beloved expresses her desire for greater freedom to display her affection for Solomon. In ancient Near Eastern cultures the public display of affection between a man and woman was frowned upon – sometimes even punished. For example, in Assyrian laws the punishment for a man kissing a woman in public was to cut off his upper lip. On the other hand, public displays of affection between children and between family members were allowed. Accordingly, the Beloved hyperbolically wished that she and Solomon were children from the same family so she could kiss him anytime she wished without fear of punishment or censure.



TIP #06: On Bible View and Passage View, drag the yellow bar to adjust your screen. [ALL]
created in 0.03 seconds
powered by bible.org