Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

The Song of Songs 7:13

Context
NET ©

The mandrakes 1  send out their fragrance; over our door is every delicacy, 2  both new and old, which I have stored up for you, my lover.

NIV ©

The mandrakes send out their fragrance, and at our door is every delicacy, both new and old, that I have stored up for you, my lover.

NASB ©

"The mandrakes have given forth fragrance; And over our doors are all choice fruits, Both new and old, Which I have saved up for you, my beloved.

NLT ©

There the mandrakes give forth their fragrance, and the rarest fruits are at our doors, the new as well as old, for I have stored them up for you, my lover."

MSG ©

Love-apples drench us with fragrance, fertility surrounds, suffuses us, Fruits fresh and preserved that I've kept and saved just for you, my love.

BBE ©

The mandrakes give out a sweet smell, and at our doors are all sorts of good fruits, new and old, which I have kept for my loved one.

NRSV ©

The mandrakes give forth fragrance, and over our doors are all choice fruits, new as well as old, which I have laid up for you, O my beloved.

NKJV ©

The mandrakes give off a fragrance, And at our gates are pleasant fruits , All manner, new and old, Which I have laid up for you, my beloved.


KJV
The mandrakes
<01736>
give
<05414> (8804)
a smell
<07381>_,
and at our gates
<06607>
[are] all manner of pleasant
<04022>
[fruits], new
<02319>
and old
<03465>_,
[which] I have laid up
<06845> (8804)
for thee, O my beloved
<01730>_.
NASB ©
"The mandrakes
<01736>
have given
<05414>
forth fragrance
<07381>
; And over
<05921>
our doors
<06607>
are all
<03605>
choice
<04022>
fruits, Both new
<02319>
and old
<03465>
, Which I have saved
<06845>
up for you, my beloved
<01730>
.
HEBREW
Kl
<0>
ytnpu
<06845>
ydwd
<01730>
Mynsy
<03465>
Mg
<01571>
Mysdx
<02319>
Mydgm
<04022>
lk
<03605>
wnyxtp
<06607>
lew
<05921>
xyr
<07381>
wntn
<05414>
Myadwdh
<01736>
(7:13)
<7:14>
LXXM
(7:14) oi
<3588
T-NPM
mandragorai {N-NPM} edwkan
<1325
V-AAI-3P
osmhn
<3744
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
epi
<1909
PREP
yuraiv
<2374
N-DPF
hmwn
<1473
P-GP
panta
<3956
A-NPN
akrodrua {N-NPN} nea
<3501
A-NPN
prov
<4314
PREP
palaia
<3820
A-APN
adelfide {N-VSM} mou
<1473
P-GS
ethrhsa
<5083
V-AAI-1S
soi
<4771
P-DS
NET © [draft] ITL
The mandrakes
<01736>
send out
<05414>
their fragrance
<07381>
; over
<05921>
our door
<06607>
is every
<03605>
delicacy
<04022>
, both
<01571>
new
<02319>
and old
<03465>
, which I have stored up
<06845>
for you, my lover
<01730>
.
NET ©

The mandrakes 1  send out their fragrance; over our door is every delicacy, 2  both new and old, which I have stored up for you, my lover.

NET © Notes

sn In the ancient Near East the mandrake was a widely used symbol of erotic love because it was thought to be an aphrodisiac and therefore was used as a fertility drug. The unusual shape of the large forked roots of the mandrake resembles the human body with extended arms and legs. This similarity gave rise to the popular superstition that the mandrake could induce conception and it was therefore used as a fertility drug. It was so thoroughly associated with erotic love that its name is derived from the Hebrew root דּוֹד (dod, “love”), that is, דּוּדָאִים (dudaim) denotes “love-apples.” Arabs used its fruit and roots as an aphrodisiac and referred to it as abd al- salm (“servant of love”) (R. K. Harrison, “The Mandrake and the Ancient World,” EQ 28 [1956]: 188-89; Fauna and Flora of the Bible, 138-39).

sn Her comparison of their love to fruit stored “over our door” reflects an ancient Near Eastern practice of storing fruit on a shelf above the door of a house. In the ancient Near East, fruits were stored away on shelves or cupboards above doorways where they were out of reach and left to dry until they became very sweet and delectable. The point of comparison in this figurative expression seems to be two-fold: (1) She was treasuring up special expressions of her sexual love to give to him, and (2) All these good things were for him alone to enjoy. See M. H. Pope, The Song of Songs [AB], 650.



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