Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

The Song of Songs 6:8

Context
NET ©

There may be sixty 1  queens, and eighty concubines, and young women 2  without number.

NIV ©

Sixty queens there may be, and eighty concubines, and virgins beyond number;

NASB ©

"There are sixty queens and eighty concubines, And maidens without number;

NLT ©

There may be sixty wives, all queens, and eighty concubines and unnumbered virgins available to me.

MSG ©

There's no one like her on earth, never has been, never will be.

BBE ©

There are sixty queens, and eighty servant-wives, and young girls without number.

NRSV ©

There are sixty queens and eighty concubines, and maidens without number.

NKJV ©

There are sixty queens And eighty concubines, And virgins without number.


KJV
There are threescore
<08346>
queens
<04436>_,
and fourscore
<08084>
concubines
<06370>_,
and virgins
<05959>
without number
<04557>_.
NASB ©
"There
<01992>
are sixty
<08346>
queens
<04436>
and eighty
<08084>
concubines
<06370>
, And maidens
<05959>
without
<0369>
number
<04557>
;
HEBREW
rpom
<04557>
Nya
<0369>
twmlew
<05959>
Mysglyp
<06370>
Mynmsw
<08084>
twklm
<04436>
hmh
<01992>
Myss (6:8)
<08346>
LXXM
exhkonta
<1835
N-NUI
eisin
<1510
V-PAI-3P
basilissai
<938
N-NPF
kai
<2532
CONJ
ogdohkonta
<3589
N-NUI
pallakai {N-NPF} kai
<2532
CONJ
neanidev {N-NPF} wn
<3739
R-GPF
ouk
<3364
ADV
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
ariymov
<706
N-NSM
NET © [draft] ITL
There may be sixty
<08346>
queens
<04436>
, and eighty
<08084>
concubines
<06370>
, and young women
<05959>
without
<0369>
number
<04557>
.
NET ©

There may be sixty 1  queens, and eighty concubines, and young women 2  without number.

NET © Notes

sn The sequence “sixty…eighty…beyond number” is an example of a graded numerical sequence and is not intended to be an exact numeration (see W. G. E. Watson, Classical Hebrew Poetry [JSOTSup], 144-50).

sn The term עַלְמָה (’almah, “young woman”) refers to a young woman who is of marriageable age or a newly married young woman, usually before the birth of her first child (HALOT 835-36 s.v. עַלְמָה; BDB 761 s.v. עַלְמָה) (e.g., Gen 24:43; Exod 2:8; Ps 68:26; Prov 30:19; Song 1:3; 6:8; Isa 7:14). The only other use of the term “young women” (עֲלָמוֹת) in the Song refers to the young women of Solomon’s harem (Song 6:8). The root עלם denotes the basic idea of “youthful, strong, passionate” (HALOT 835 s.v. III). While the term עַלְמָה may be used in reference to a young woman who is a virgin, the term itself does not explicitly denote “virgin.” The Hebrew term which explicitly denotes “virgin” is בְּתוּלָה (bÿtulah) which refers to a mature young woman without any sexual experience with men (e.g., Gen 24:16; Exod 22:15-16; Lev 21:3; Deut 22:23, 28; 32:25; Judg 12:12; 19:24; 2 Sam 13:2, 18; 1 Kgs 1:2; 2 Chr 36:17; Esth 2:2-3, 17, 19; Job 31:1; Pss 45:15; 78:63; 148:12; Isa 23:4; 62:5; Jer 2:32; 31:3; 51:22; Lam 1:4, 18; 2:10, 21; 5:11; Ezek 9:6; Joel 1:8; Amos 9:13; Zech 9:17; HALOT 166-7 s.v. בְּתוּלָה; BDB 143 s.v. בְּתוּלָה). The related noun בְּתוּלִים (bÿtulim) means “state of virginity” (Lev 21:13; Judg 11:37-38; Ezek 23:3, 8; Sir 42:10) and “evidence of virginity” (Deut 22:14-15, 17, 20) (HALOT 167 s.v. בְּתוּלִים).



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