Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ruth 3:9

Context
NET ©

He said, “Who are you?” 1  She replied, “I am Ruth, your servant. 2  Marry your servant, 3  for you are a guardian of the family interests.” 4 

NIV ©

"Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a kinsman-redeemer."

NASB ©

He said, "Who are you?" And she answered, "I am Ruth your maid. So spread your covering over your maid, for you are a close relative."

NLT ©

"Who are you?" he demanded. "I am your servant Ruth," she replied. "Spread the corner of your covering over me, for you are my family redeemer."

MSG ©

He said, "And who are you?" She said, "I am Ruth, your maiden; take me under your protecting wing. You're my close relative, you know, in the circle of covenant redeemers--you do have the right to marry me."

BBE ©

And he said, Who are you? And she answering said, I am your servant Ruth: take your servant as wife, for you are a near relation.

NRSV ©

He said, "Who are you?" And she answered, "I am Ruth, your servant; spread your cloak over your servant, for you are next-of-kin."

NKJV ©

And he said, "Who are you?" So she answered, "I am Ruth, your maidservant. Take your maidservant under your wing, for you are a close relative."


KJV
And he said
<0559> (8799)_,
Who [art] thou? And she answered
<0559> (8799)_,
I [am] Ruth
<07327>
thine handmaid
<0519>_:
spread
<06566> (8804)
therefore thy skirt
<03671>
over thine handmaid
<0519>_;
for thou [art] a near kinsman
<01350> (8802)_.
{a near...: or, one that hath right to redeem}
NASB ©
He said
<0559>
, "Who
<04310>
are you?" And she answered
<0559>
, "I am Ruth
<07327>
your maid
<0519>
. So spread
<05203>
your covering
<03671>
over
<05921>
your maid
<0519>
, for you are a close
<01350>
relative
<01350>
."
HEBREW
hta
<0859>
lag
<01350>
yk
<03588>
Ktma
<0519>
le
<05921>
Kpnk
<03671>
tvrpw
<06566>
Ktma
<0519>
twr
<07327>
ykna
<0595>
rmatw
<0559>
ta
<0859>
ym
<04310>
rmayw (3:9)
<0559>
LXXM
eipen {V-AAI-3S} de
<1161
PRT
tiv
<5100
I-NSF
ei
<1510
V-PAI-2S
su
<4771
P-NSF
h
<3588
T-NSF
de
<1161
PRT
eipen {V-AAI-3S} egw
<1473
P-NSF
eimi
<1510
V-PAI-1S
rouy {N-PRI} h
<3588
T-NSF
doulh
<1399
N-NSF
sou
<4771
P-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
peribaleiv
<4016
V-FAI-2S
to
<3588
T-ASN
pterugion
<4419
N-ASN
sou
<4771
P-GSM
epi
<1909
PREP
thn
<3588
T-ASF
doulhn
<1399
N-ASF
sou
<4771
P-GSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
agcisteuv {N-NSM} ei
<1510
V-PAI-2S
su
<4771
P-NSM
NET © [draft] ITL
He said
<0559>
, “Who
<04310>
are you
<0859>
?” She replied
<0559>
, “I am
<0595>
Ruth
<07327>
, your servant
<0519>
. Marry
<05921>
your servant
<0519>
, for
<03588>
you
<0859>
are a guardian of the family interests
<01350>
.”
NET ©

He said, “Who are you?” 1  She replied, “I am Ruth, your servant. 2  Marry your servant, 3  for you are a guardian of the family interests.” 4 

NET © Notes

tn When Boaz speaks, he uses the feminine form of the pronoun, indicating that he knows she is a woman.

tn Here Ruth uses אָמָה (’amah), a more elevated term for a female servant than שִׁפְחָה (shifkhah), the word used in 2:13. In Ruth 2, where Ruth has just arrived from Moab and is very much aware of her position as a foreigner (v. 10), she acknowledges Boaz’s kindness and emphasizes her own humility by using the term שִׁפְחָה, though she admits that she does not even occupy that lowly position on the social scale. However, here in chap. 3, where Naomi sends her to Boaz to seek marriage, she uses the more elevated term אָמָה to describe herself because she is now aware of Boaz’s responsibility as a close relative of her deceased husband and she wants to challenge him to fulfill his obligation. In her new social context she is dependent on Boaz (hence the use of אָמָה), but she is no mere שִׁפְחָה.

tn Heb “and spread your wing [or skirt] over your servant.” Many medieval Hebrew mss have the plural/dual “your wings” rather than the singular “your wing, skirt.” The latter is more likely here in the context of Ruth’s marriage proposal. In the metaphorical account in Ezek 16:8, God spreads his skirt over naked Jerusalem as an act of protection and as a precursor to marriage. Thus Ruth’s words can be taken, in effect, as a marriage proposal (and are so translated here; cf. TEV “So please marry me”). See F. W. Bush, Ruth, Esther (WBC), 164-65.

tn Heb “for you are a גֹאֵל [goel],” sometimes translated “redeemer” (cf. NIV “a kinsman-redeemer”; NLT “my family redeemer”). In this context Boaz, as a “redeemer,” functions as a guardian of the family interests who has responsibility for caring for the widows of his deceased kinsmen. For a discussion of the legal background, see F. W. Bush, Ruth, Esther (WBC), 166-69.

sn By proposing marriage, Ruth goes beyond the letter of Naomi’s instructions (see v. 4, where Naomi told Ruth that Boaz would tell her what to do). Though she is more aggressive than Naomi told her to be, she is still carrying out the intent of Naomi’s instructions, which were designed to lead to marriage.



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