Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ruth 1:20

Context
NET ©

But she replied 1  to them, 2  “Don’t call me ‘Naomi’! 3  Call me ‘Mara’ 4  because the Sovereign One 5  has treated me very harshly. 6 

NIV ©

"Don’t call me Naomi," she told them. "Call me Mara, because the Almighty has made my life very bitter.

NASB ©

She said to them, "Do not call me Naomi; call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.

NLT ©

"Don’t call me Naomi," she told them. "Instead, call me Mara, for the Almighty has made life very bitter for me.

MSG ©

But she said, "Don't call me Naomi; call me Bitter. The Strong One has dealt me a bitter blow.

BBE ©

And she said to them, Do not let my name be Naomi, but Mara, for the Ruler of all has given me a bitter fate.

NRSV ©

She said to them, "Call me no longer Naomi, call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt bitterly with me.

NKJV ©

But she said to them, "Do not call me Naomi; call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.


KJV
And she said
<0559> (8799)
unto them, Call
<07121> (8799)
me not Naomi
<05281>_,
call
<07121> (8798)
me Mara
<04755>_:
for the Almighty
<07706>
hath dealt very
<03966>
bitterly
<04843> (8689)
with me. {Naomi: that is, Pleasant} {Mara: that is, Bitter}
NASB ©
She said
<0559>
to them, "Do not call
<07121>
me Naomi
<05281>
; call
<07121>
me Mara
<04755>
, for the Almighty
<07706>
has dealt
<04843>
very
<03966>
bitterly
<04843>
with me.
HEBREW
dam
<03966>
yl
<0>
yds
<07706>
rmh
<04843>
yk
<03588>
arm
<04755>
yl
<0>
Narq
<07121>
ymen
<05281>
yl
<0>
hnarqt
<07121>
la
<0408>
Nhyla
<0413>
rmatw (1:20)
<0559>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} prov
<4314
PREP
autav
<846
D-APF
mh
<3165
ADV
dh
<1161
PRT
kaleite
<2564
V-PAD-2P
me
<1473
P-ASF
nwemin {N-PRI} kalesate
<2564
V-AAD-2P
me
<1473
P-ASF
pikran {N-PRI} oti
<3754
CONJ
epikranyh
<4087
V-API-3S
en
<1722
PREP
emoi
<1473
P-DSF
o
<3588
T-NSM
ikanov
<2425
A-NSM
sfodra
<4970
ADV
NET © [draft] ITL
But she replied
<0559>
to
<0413>
them, “Don’t
<0408>
call
<07121>
me ‘Naomi
<05281>
’! Call
<07121>
me ‘Mara
<04755>
’ because
<03588>
the Sovereign One
<07706>
has treated me very
<03966>
harshly
<04843>
.
NET ©

But she replied 1  to them, 2  “Don’t call me ‘Naomi’! 3  Call me ‘Mara’ 4  because the Sovereign One 5  has treated me very harshly. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “said.” For stylistic reasons the present translation employs “replied” here.

tn The third person feminine plural form of the pronominal suffix indicates the women of the village (see v. 19) are the addressees.

sn The name Naomi means “pleasant.”

sn The name Mara means “bitter.”

tn Heb “Shaddai”; traditionally “the Almighty.” The etymology and meaning of this divine name is uncertain. It may be derived from: (1) שָׁדַד (shadad, “to be strong”), cognate to Arabic sdd, meaning “The Strong One” or “Almighty”; (2) שָׁדָה (shadah, “mountain”), cognate to Akkadian shadu, meaning “The Mountain Dweller” or “God of the Mountains”; (3) שָׁדַד (shadad, “to devastate”) and שַׁד (shad, “destroyer”), Akkadian Shedum, meaning “The Destroyer” or “The Malevolent One”; or (4) שֶׁ (she, “who”) plus דִּי (diy, “sufficient”), meaning “The One Who is Sufficient” or “All-Sufficient One” (HALOT 1420-22 s.v. שַׁדַּי, שַׁדָּי). In terms of use, Shaddai (or El Shaddai) is presented as the sovereign king/judge of the world who grants life/blesses and kills/judges. In Genesis he blesses the patriarchs with fertility and promises numerous descendants. Outside Genesis he blesses/protects and also takes away life/happiness. In light of Naomi’s emphasis on God’s sovereign, malevolent deprivation of her family, one can understand her use of this name for God. For discussion of this divine name, see T. N. D. Mettinger, In Search of God, 69-72.

tn Or “caused me to be very bitter”; NAB “has made it very bitter for me.”



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