Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ruth 1:2

Context
NET ©

(Now the man’s name was Elimelech, 1  his wife was Naomi, 2  and his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. 3  They were of the clan of Ephrath 4  from Bethlehem in Judah.) They entered the region of Moab and settled there. 5 

NIV ©

The man’s name was Elimelech, his wife’s name Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.

NASB ©

The name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife, Naomi; and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem in Judah. Now they entered the land of Moab and remained there.

NLT ©

The man’s name was Elimelech, and his wife was Naomi. Their two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in the land of Judah. During their stay in Moab,

MSG ©

The man's name was Elimelech; his wife's name was Naomi; his sons were named Mahlon and Kilion--all Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They all went to the country of Moab and settled there.

BBE ©

And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Beth-lehem-judah. And they came into the country of Moab, and were there for some time.

NRSV ©

The name of the man was Elimelech and the name of his wife Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion; they were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They went into the country of Moab and remained there.

NKJV ©

The name of the man was Elimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion––Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there.


KJV
And the name
<08034>
of the man
<0376>
[was] Elimelech
<0458>_,
and the name
<08034>
of his wife
<0802>
Naomi
<05281>_,
and the name
<08034>
of his two
<08147>
sons
<01121>
Mahlon
<04248>
and Chilion
<03630>_,
Ephrathites
<0673>
of Bethlehemjudah
<01035> <03063>_.
And they came
<0935> (8799)
into the country
<07704>
of Moab
<04124>_,
and continued there. {continued: Heb. were}
NASB ©
The name
<08034>
of the man
<0376>
was Elimelech
<0458>
, and the name
<08034>
of his wife
<0802>
, Naomi
<05281>
; and the names
<08034>
of his two
<08147>
sons
<01121>
were Mahlon
<04248>
and Chilion
<03630>
, Ephrathites
<0673>
of Bethlehem
<01035>
in Judah
<03063>
. Now they entered
<0935>
the land
<07704>
of Moab
<04124>
and remained
<01961>
there
<08033>
.
HEBREW
Ms
<08033>
wyhyw
<01961>
bawm
<04124>
ydv
<07704>
wabyw
<0935>
hdwhy
<03063>
Mxl
<01035>
tybm
<0>
Mytrpa
<0673>
Nwylkw
<03630>
Nwlxm
<04248>
wynb
<01121>
yns
<08147>
Msw
<08034>
ymen
<05281>
wtsa
<0802>
Msw
<08034>
Klmyla
<0458>
syah
<0376>
Msw (1:2)
<08034>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
onoma
<3686
N-NSN
tw
<3588
T-DSM
andri
<435
N-DSM
abimelec {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
onoma
<3686
N-NSN
th
<3588
T-DSF
gunaiki
<1135
N-DSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
nwemin {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
onoma
<3686
N-NSN
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
dusin
<1417
N-NUI
uioiv
<5207
N-DPM
autou
<846
D-GSM
maalwn {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
celaiwn {N-PRI} efrayaioi {N-PRI} ek
<1537
PREP
baiyleem {N-PRI} thv
<3588
T-GSF
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
hlyosan
<2064
V-AAI-3P
eiv
<1519
PREP
agron
<68
N-ASM
mwab {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
hsan
<1510
V-IAI-3P
ekei
<1563
ADV
NET © [draft] ITL
(Now the man’s
<0376>
name
<08034>
was Elimelech
<08034>

<0458>
, his wife
<0802>
was Naomi
<08034>
, and his two
<08147>
sons
<01121>
were Mahlon
<04248>
and Kilion
<03630>
. They were of the clan of Ephrath
<0673>
from Bethlehem
<01035>
in Judah
<03063>
.) They entered
<0935>
the region
<07704>
of Moab
<04124>
and settled
<01961>
there
<08033>
.
NET ©

(Now the man’s name was Elimelech, 1  his wife was Naomi, 2  and his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. 3  They were of the clan of Ephrath 4  from Bethlehem in Judah.) They entered the region of Moab and settled there. 5 

NET © Notes

sn The name “Elimelech” literally means “My God [is] king.” The narrator’s explicit identification of his name seems to cast him in a positive light.

tn Heb “and the name of his wife [was] Naomi.” This has been simplified in the translation for stylistic reasons.

sn The name Naomi (נָעֳמִי, naomi) is from the adjective נֹעַם (noam, “pleasant, lovely”) and literally means “my pleasant one” or “my lovely one.” Her name will become the subject of a wordplay in 1:20-21 when she laments that she is no longer “pleasant” but “bitter” because of the loss of her husband and two sons.

tn Heb “and the name[s] of his two sons [were] Mahlon and Kilion.”

sn The name Mahlon (מַחְלוֹן, makhlon) is from מָלָה (malah, “to be weak, sick”) and Kilion (כִליוֹן, khilyon) is from כָלָה (khalah, “to be frail”). The rate of infant mortality was so high during the Iron Age that parents typically did not name children until they survived infancy and were weaned. Naomi and Elimelech might have named their two sons Mahlon and Kilion to reflect their weak condition in infancy due to famine – which eventually prompted the move to Moab where food was abundant.

tn Heb “[They were] Ephrathites.” Ephrathah is a small village (Ps 132:6) in the vicinity of Bethlehem (Gen 35:16), so close in proximity that it is often identified with the larger town of Bethlehem (Gen 35:19; 48:7; Ruth 4:11; Mic 5:2 [MT 5:1]; HALOT 81 s.v. אֶפְרָתָה); see F. W. Bush, Ruth, Esther (WBC), 64. The designation “Ephrathites” might indicate that they were residents of Ephrathah. However, the adjectival form אֶפְרָתִים (ephratim, “Ephrathites”) used here elsewhere refers to someone from the clan of Ephrath (cf. 1 Chr 4:4) which lived in the region of Bethlehem: “Now David was the son of an Ephrathite from Bethlehem in Judah whose name was Jesse” (1 Sam 17:12; cf. Mic 5:2 [MT 5:1]). So it is more likely that the virtually identical expression here – “Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah” – refers to the clan of Ephrath in Bethlehem (see R. L. Hubbard, Jr., Ruth [NICOT], 91).

tn Heb “and were there”; KJV “continued there”; NRSV “remained there”; TEV “were living there.”



TIP #14: Use the Universal Search Box for either chapter, verse, references or word searches or Strong Numbers. [ALL]
created in 0.03 seconds
powered by bible.org